, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 260–269 | Cite as

Creative cities in Europe

Urban competitiveness in the knowledge economy
  • Gert-Jan Hospers
Articles Urban Areas


The European knowledge economy requires “creative cities”, competitive urban areas that are able to combine concentration, diversity, instability and a positive image. Examples of creative cities in history and recent “best practices” of such cities in Europe show that local governments cannot plan knowledge, creativity and innovation from scratch. How, then, can policymakers help in preparing Europe's cities for the requirements of the knowledge economy?


Knowledge Economy City Authority Branding Strategy Ruhr Area Urban Competitiveness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© HWWA and Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert-Jan Hospers
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Saxion Universities for Applied SciencesEnschedeThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Economics at the University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherland

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