Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 423–429 | Cite as

Population ecology in a naturalsyneilesis palmata stand: II. vegetative growth and population structure



Vegetative growth and changes within populations ofSyneilesis palmata (THUNB>) MAX. Usannamul were monitored in two natural stands with different levels of incoming light. This perennial, shade-tolerant herb was measured for its plant size, petiole length, leaf breadth, and leaflet number over 11 years in a moderately shaded (MS) stand and over 7 years in a severely shaded (SS) stand. At the end of each growing season, a shoot primordium developed at the center of the root system. Correlation coefficients were mostly high between pairings of two properties - total weight, petiole length, petiole weight, leaf breadth, leaf blade weight, leaf area, specific leaf area, and leaflet number. Mean annual mortality of this species was higher in SS (22.97%) than in MS (8.85%), but great fluctuations were seen from year by year. Mortality was lowest for medium-sized plants. Regarding petiole length, differences in mean annual growth rates were conspicuous, i.e., 2.6% in MS and 8.4% in SS, while growth rates for leaf breadth were 3.1% in MS and 24.2% in SS. Changes in plant frequency within individual size classes roughly showed a normal distribution curve. However, the mode varied year by year, and such changes were more remarkable in SS than in MS. Under severe shading,S. palmata had a higher growth rate and but also greater mortality than did plants under moderate shade. Therefore, one can conclude that the population structure in SS was unstable over time.


frequency distribution growth rate mortality plant size shaded stand Syneilesis palmata 


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Korea 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Science EducationDankook UniversityYonginKorea

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