Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 87–91 | Cite as

CO2-Enrichment and photosynthetic photon flux affect the growth of in vitro-cultured apple plantlets

  • Ru Yu Li
  • Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
  • Seon Kyu Kim
  • Kee Yeoup Paek


Micro-cuttings (shoots with two small leaves) of cultivar M9 apple were cultured in-vitro for 40 d under CO2-enriched and non-enriched (i.e., ambient air) conditions, and at a PPF of 40 or 100 μmol m-2 s-1 Afterward, shoot length, number of leaves, leaf area, chlorophyll content, shoot and root fresh weights, and % survival were recorded. Those plant-lets grown under CO2- and PPF-enriched treatments were healthy and vigorous, and showed higher values for their growth parameters. In contrast, those grown without supplemental CO2 or PPF often showed hyperhydricity. We also demonstrated that CO2 enrichment and a relatively high PPF during in-vitro culture promoted normal photosynthesis and growth after ex-vitro transplantation.


Carbon dioxide in-vitro culture Malus domestica 



Murashige and Skoog medium


Photosynthetic photon flux


Indolebutyric acid.


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Korea 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ru Yu Li
    • 1
  • Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
    • 2
  • Seon Kyu Kim
    • 1
  • Kee Yeoup Paek
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for the Devolvement of Advanced Horticultural TechnologyChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuKorea
  2. 2.Department of BotanyKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia

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