Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 208–218 | Cite as

Comparison of the initial demographies of pine and oak populations in rural pine forests in Korea and Japan

  • Sun-Kee Hong
  • Nobukazu Nakagoshi


In order to understand the human impact upon demographic change in plant population in rural forests, we examined the population trends ofPinus densiflora andQuercus serrata inP. densiflora forests viewing their seedlings and saplings in rural Korea and Japan. The most prominent factor affecting the regeneration of the pine and oak was the intensity of management activity which controlled the vegetation stratification and its light environment. Open spaces, such as graveyard or cleaned area that allow the long-term direct daylight in dry season to accelerate the surface heat of soil, were unfavorable habitats for germination and growth of both species. The negative effects of the presence of litter and evergreen trees were related to the failure of early seedling and sapling growth of pine. Cover of litter is, especially, another factor related to the growth of pine saplings. It is considered that successful germination and sapling growth of pine and oak in early successional stages is determined by vegetation structures and light condition.


germination initial demography light condition mosaic vegetation landscape Pinus densiflora forest 


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Korea 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sun-Kee Hong
    • 1
  • Nobukazu Nakagoshi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Ecological ResearchSeoul Women’s UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Integrated Arts and SciencesHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

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