Advertisement

Are immigrants overrepresented in the Australian Social Security System?

  • Peter Whiteford
Article

Abstract

This article discusses the statistics commonly used for judging whether immigrants are more or less likely than those born in Australia to receive social security payments. Much previous discussion of this issue has not taken into account the eligibility conditions applying to different payments, and the effects of differences between the age distributions of different birthplace groups. Previous studies have overestimated the level of social security receipt for most overseas-born birthplace groups and underestimated the level of receipt for those born in Australia. The article presents estimates of social security receipt in 1989, correcting for these factors.

Keywords

Social Security Social Security System Sickness Benefit Social Security Payment Immigration Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1988.Overseas Born Australians 1988: A Statistical Profile. Catalogue No. 4112.0. Canberra: ABS.Google Scholar
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1990.Estimated Resident Population by Country of Birth, Age and Sex, June 1988 and 1989. Catalogue No. 3221.0. Canberra: ABS.Google Scholar
  3. Betts, K. 1990. All in the family.Independent Monthly, November: 29–30.Google Scholar
  4. Birrell, R. 1990a. Existing workforce must be better used.Australian, 30 May: 6.Google Scholar
  5. Birrell, R. 1990b.The Chains that Bind: Family Reunion Migration to Australia in the 1980s.Google Scholar
  6. Bureau of Immigration Research. Canberra: AGPS.Google Scholar
  7. Blainey, G. 1984.All For Australia. Sydney: Methuen Haynes.Google Scholar
  8. Blainey, G. 1990. Large numbers of today’s migrants contribute nothing to the nation.Weekend Australian, 2–3 June: 17.Google Scholar
  9. Bradbury, B. 1988.Welfare Fraud, Work Incentives and Income Support for the Unemployed. Social Policy Research Centre, Discussion Paper No. 2. Sydney: University of New South Wales.Google Scholar
  10. Cass, B., M. Wilkinson and A. Webb. 1991. Sole parents of non-English-speaking background: opportunities for and barriers to labour force participation. In P. Whiteford, ed.,Sole Parents and Public Policy. Social Policy Research Centre, Reports and Proceedings No. 89. Sydney: University of New South Wales.Google Scholar
  11. Department of Social Security. 1989.Country of Birth of Pensioners and Beneficiaries and Country of Residence of Pensioners Paid Overseas. Canberra: Statistical Services and Analysis Section.Google Scholar
  12. Ellard, J. 1970. Psychological reaction to compensable injury.Medical Journal of Australia 2, August 22:349–355.Google Scholar
  13. Ethnic Affairs Commission of New South Wales 1984.Ethnos 36, November.Google Scholar
  14. Grimes, D. 1980. Social security ‘conspiracy case’ — a review.Australian Quarterly 52:128–143.Google Scholar
  15. Hugo, G. 1990. Planning social services for a changing population: a demographic perspective. Paper prepared for the Australian Council of Social Service National Congress, Sydney.Google Scholar
  16. Jensen, L. 1989.The New Immigration, Implications for Poverty and Public Assistance Utilization. New York: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  17. Jones, M. 1990.The Australian Welfare Stale, 3rd Edition. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  18. Morrissey, M. 1984. Migrants and unemployment.Journal of Intercultural Studies 5:36–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Morrissey, M., C. Mitchell and L. Stillson. 1988.Working Age Parents Study. Wollongong: Centre for Multicultural Studies, University of Wollongong.Google Scholar
  20. Norman, N.et al. 1983.Immigration: The Crunch Issues for Australia. Information Paper IP8. Melbourne: Committee for the Economic Development of Australia.Google Scholar
  21. Rubinstein, A. 1982. Mediterranean back and other stereotypes: a review of the Australian literature dealing with industrial back injuries.Australian Journal of Social Issues 17:295–303.Google Scholar
  22. Tienda, M. and L. Jensen. 1985.Immigration and Public Assistance Participation: Dispelling the Myth of Dependency. Institute for Research on Poverty, Discussion Paper No. 777–85. Madison: University of Wisconsin.Google Scholar
  23. Whiteford, P. 1991.Immigrants and the Social Security System. Bureau of Immigration Research. Canberra: AGPS.Google Scholar
  24. Wood, A. 1991. No home to call our own unless we close the door.Australian, 26 March: 9.Google Scholar
  25. Wooden, M. 1990.Migrant Labour Market Status. Bureau of Immigration Research. Canberra: AGPS.Google Scholar
  26. Young, CM. 1990.Australia’s Ageing Population: Policy Options. Bureau of Immigration Research. Canberra: AGPS.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Whiteford
    • 1
  1. 1.Social Policy Research UnitUniversity of YorkHeslingtonUK

Personalised recommendations