Metals and Materials

, 6:533 | Cite as

Simultaneous synthesis and densification of WSi2 and WSi2-20vol.%Nb composite by field-activated and pressure-assisted combustion

  • I. J. Shon
  • D. H. Rho
  • H. C. Kim


A method to simultaneously synthesize and consolidate the silicide WSi2 and the composite WSi2-20 vol.%Nb from W, Si, and Nb powders was investigated. Combustion synthesis was carried out under the combined effect of an electric field and mechanical pressure. The final density of the products increased nearly linearly with the applied pressure. Highly dense WSi2 and WSi2-20 vol.%Nb with relative densities of up to 97% were produced under the simultaneous application of a 60 MPa pressure and a 3000A current on the reactant powders. The percentages of the total shrinkage occurring before and during the synthesis reaction were 17 and 83% for the WSi2, and 22 and 78% for the WSi2-20 vol.% Nb. The respective Vickers microhardness values for these materials were 8.2 and 5.8 GPa. From indentation crack measurements, the fracture toughness values for WSi2 and WSi2-20 vol.%Nb were calculated to be 3.2 and 9.1 MPa m12, respectively.


combustion synthesis densification tungsten silicides composite electric field 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. J. Shon
    • 1
  • D. H. Rho
    • 1
  • H. C. Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringChonbuk National University Research Institute of Industrial TechnologyDeogjin-ku, ChonbukKorea

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