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Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 1129–1138 | Cite as

On the near-field aerodynamics of a projectile launched from a ballistic range

  • Rajesh Gopalapillai
  • Heuy-Dong Kim
  • Toshiaki Setoguchi
  • Shigeru Matsuo
Article

Abstract

A computational fluid dynamics method has been applied to simulate the unsteady aerodynamics of the projectile launched from a ballistic range. A moving coordinate scheme for a multi-domain technique was employed to investigate the unsteady flow with moving boundary. The coordinate system fixed to each moving domain was applied to the multi-domains, and the effect of virtual mass was added in the governing equations for each domain. The unsteady, axisymmetric Euler equation systems were numerically solved using the third order Chakravarthy-Osher total variation diminishing scheme, with MUSCL approach. The projectile mass and configuration effects on the unsteady aerodynamics were investigated based on the computational results. The present computations were validated with results of some other CFD works available. The computed results reasonably capture the major flow features, such as shock waves, blast waves, shear layers, vertical flows, etc. which are generated in launching a projectile up to a supersonic speed. The present computational method properly predicts the velocity, acceleration and drag histories of the projectile.

Keywords

Moving coordinate method Ballistic range Unsteady drag Shock wave Supersonic flow 

Nomenclature

A

Area, m2

D

Drag force, N

E

Total energy, J

F

Convection flux tensor

M

Momentum, kg.m/s2

Ma

Mach number

n

Outer unit normal vector at the cell surface

p

Pressure N/m2

Q

Conservative variable Vector

S

Source Vector

T

Temperature, K

T

Time, s

U

Velocity vector

u

Velocity in X-direction, m/s

v

Velocity in Y-direction, m/s

x, y, and z

coordinate axes

Greek letters

γ

Ratio of specific heats

ρ

Density, kg/m3

ξ, η and ξ

Transformed coordinates

Sub-scripts

G, g

Grid

1, 2 and 3

Coordinate directions

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME) 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh Gopalapillai
    • 1
  • Heuy-Dong Kim
    • 1
  • Toshiaki Setoguchi
    • 2
  • Shigeru Matsuo
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringAndong National UniversityAndongKorea
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSaga UniversitySagaJapan

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