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Densification and compressive strength ofin-situ processed Ti/TiB composites by powder metallurgy

  • H. W. Jeong
  • S. J. Kim
  • Y. T. Hyun
  • Y. T. Lee
Article

Abstract

In the present study, the densification of Ti/TiB composites, the growth behavior ofin-situ formed TiB reinforcement, the effects of processing variables — such as reactant powder (TiB2, B4C), sintering temperature and time — on the microstructures and the mechanical properties ofin-situ processed Ti/TiB composites have been investigated. Mixtures of TiB2 or B4C powder with pure titanium powder were compacted and presintered at 700°C for 1 hr followed by sintering at 900, 1000, 1100, 1200, and 1300°C, respectively, for 3hrs. Some specimens were sintered at 1000°C for various times in order to study the formation behavior of TiB reinforcementin-situ formed within the pure Ti matrix. TiB reinforcements were formed through different mechanisms, such as the formation of fine TiB and the formation of coarse TiB by Ostwald ripening or the coalescence of fine TiB. There was no crystallographic relationship between TiB reinforcement and the matrix. There were voids at the interface between the TiB reinforcement and the Ti matrix due to the preferential growth of coarse TiB without a particular crystallographic relationship with pure Ti matrix and the surface energy between the Ti matrix and TiB reinforcements. Therefore, the densification of Ti/TiB2 compacts was hindered by the preferential growth of coarse TiB reinforcements. The mechanical properties ofin-situ processed composites were evaluated by measuring the compressive yield strength at ambient and high temperatures. The compressive yield strength of thein situ processed composites was higher than that of the Ti-6A1-4V alloy. It was also found that the compressive yield strength of the composite made from TiB2 reactant powder was higher than that of the composite made from B4C at the same volume fraction of reinforcement. A crack path examination suggested that the bonding nature of interface between matrix and reinforcement made from TiB2 reactant powder was better than that made from B4C.

Keywords

in-situ composites titanium TiB TiB2 B4

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Copyright information

© Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. W. Jeong
    • 1
  • S. J. Kim
    • 1
  • Y. T. Hyun
    • 1
  • Y. T. Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Processing DepartmentKorea Institute of Machinery and MaterialsChangwonKorea

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