Asia Pacific Education Review

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 355–366 | Cite as

Democratization during the transformative times and the role of popular education in the philippines and korea

  • Sung-Sang Yoo


Comparing popular education in the Philippines and South Korea, it is clear that a number of similarities and differences exist regarding the characteristics, methods, and main fields in which popular education has operated. ‘Church-related practices,’ ‘uniting with CO movements,’ ‘an eliteled tendency,’ and ‘a disregard for the Left’ have all occurred in similar ways in both countries. While introducing the socio-political situation during 1970s and 1980s of these two countries, this paper discusses the theories and practices of popular education. Our findings indicate how popular education in both countries has played a significant role in raising the levels consciousness in the powerless and transforming societies and enabled them to establish a better community. Moreover, each country developed different concepts, initiatives and methods in relation to popular education. In addition, popular educators have been asked to play different roles in each popular education field while most methods were in fact heavily dependent upon eliteled practices.

Key words

popular education South Korea Philippines democratization 


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Copyright information

© Education Research Institute 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EducationHankuk University of Foreign StudiesKorea

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