Asia Pacific Education Review

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 353–363 | Cite as

Reading-growth estimates for elementary-school students using curriculum-based measurement



In this study, we examine grade-level growth rates for general education students and students with learning disabilities in grades two to six. In conducting the study, we demonstrate how schools, districts, and state educational agencies can use a combination of Curriculum-Based Measurement and Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) methods to develop growth-rate norms in reading. The participants were made up of 273 general education students and 430 students with learning disabilities. The growth rates for these two groups of students in each grade were estimated using HLM. Within each grade, separate growth rates for subgroups of general education students (i.e., high, average, and low achievers) were estimated. The uses of estimated growth rates for setting year-end goals, monitoring student progress, and evaluating the effectiveness of instructional programs are also discussed.

Key words

reading growth rates Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) 


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Copyright information

© Education Research Institute 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of EducationSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.The Department of EducationSeoul National UniversityKorea

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