Metals and Materials

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 133–141 | Cite as

Stress corrosion cracking susceptibilities of Fe3Al-based iron aluminides

  • Jung-Gu Kim


The susceptibilities to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) were investigated using the constant-potential U-bend SCC test. U-bend SCC evaluations were conducted on two iron aluminide compositions based on Fe3Al and containing 2 and 5 at.% Cr in acid-chloride (pH = 4200 ppm Cl), thiosulfate, and tetrathionate solutions at the freely-corroding conditions. Cracking failures occurred in the thiosulfate and tetrathionate solutions, but not in the acid-chloride solution. The iron aluminides were very susceptible to the sulfur-bearing environments in terms of SCC and aqueous corrosion characteristics. To investigate the effect of applied potential on the cracking behavior, U-bend tests were conducted in the acid-chloride solution at an anodic pitting potential and at cathodic hydrogen-evolution potentials. Cracking occurred within 200 h only at the highly negative cathodic potentials and only for the lower Cr composition. These results indicated that two iron aluminides investigated are susceptible to SCC in acid-chloride solution if the corrosion potential is sufficiently active to generate hydrogen, that the cracking mechanism was related to hydrogen embrittlement. The resistance to hydrogen embrittlement cracking increased with increasing Cr content, i.e., higher Cr levels were beneficial in minimizing this form of cracking. Increased resistance to cracking for the U-bend specimens is influenced by the chemical composition of the passive film. Metallographic examinations by scanning electron microscopy revealed that increasing Cr content decreased the proportion of transgranular cleavage cracking and increased the proportion of intergranular cracking.


Stress Corrosion Stress Corrosion Crack Passive Film Hydrogen Embrittlement Duplex Stainless Steel 
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Copyright information

© Springer 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung-Gu Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurigical EngineeringSung Kyun Kwan UniversitySuwonKorea

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