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Douleur et Analgésie

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 3–38 | Cite as

Céphalées, névralgies crâniennes, douleurs de la face. Classification et critères diagnostiques

International Headache Society
  • P. Henry
Article

Résumé

Cette classification est l’aboutissement d’un travail de trois ans entrepris au sein de l’International Headache Society (I.H.S.) sous l’égide de Jes Olesen. Il s’agit d’une classification évolutive qui fera l’objet d’une nouvelle édition en 1993, édition qui sera éventuellement modifiée en fonction des remarques et critiques qui seront faites par les utilisateurs. Elle représente un outil de travail qui peut être utilisé à différents niveaux de sophistication. En pratique de routine, on peut utiliser simplement le codage à un ou deux chiffres tandis que certains spécialistes des céphalées préféreront le service d’un codage à 4 chiffres leur permettant une classification extrêmement précise. L’utilisation par tous des mêmes critères diagnostiques devraient faciliter les travaux de recherche et permettre des discussions plus fructueuses.

Nous espérons que cette traduction française rendra service à tous ceux qui en France ou dans les pays d’expression française ont un intérêt pour les céphalées, vaste problème parfois quelque peu sous-estimé et méconnu dans notre pays.

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Céphalée bénigne d’effort

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Céphalées associées à des affections vasculaires 6.1. Accident ischémique cérébral

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Douleur artérielle d’origine carotidienne ou vertébrale 6.6.1. Dissection carotidienne ou vertébrale

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Céphalée post-endartériectomie

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Note: Hypertension chronique

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Céphalées liées à d’autres affections vasculaires

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Céphalées liées à des anomalies intra-crâniennes non vasculaires 7.1 Augmentation de pression du L.C.R. 7.1.1. Hypertension intra-crânienne bénigne

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Céphalées liées à des injections intrathécales

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Néoplasie intracrânienne

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Céphalées toxiques, iatrogènes ou de sevrage

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Céphalées liées à l’exposition ou l’absorption aiguë d’une substance

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Céphalées liées à l’exposition ou à l’absorption chronique d’une substance

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Céphalées liées à des anomalies métaboliques 10.1 Hypoxie 10.2 Hypercapnie 10.3 Hypoxie et hypercapnie

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Céphalées ou algies faciales associées à des anomalies du crâne, du cou, des yeux, des oreilles, du nez, des sinus, des dents, de la bouche ou d’autre structures faciales ou crâniennes 11.1. Os crâniens

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Douleur faciale ne répondant pas aux critères des groupes 11 et 12.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Henry
    • 1
  1. 1.CHU Bordeaux, Service de NeurologieHôpital Pellegrin-TripodeBordeaux Cedex

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