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Acta Endoscopica

, 32:47 | Cite as

Prise en charge chirurgicale des nodules endométriosiques de la cloison recto-vaginale. A propos d'une série continue de 40 cas

  • O. Camagna
  • O. Dupuis
  • E. Soncini
  • B. Martin
  • L. Palazzo
  • P. Madelenat
Endométriose

Conclusion

L'examen clinique en période cataméniale est essentiel pour évoquer le diagnostic. La réalisation pré-opératoire d'une IRM permet d'établir une cartographie complète des lésions sous-péritonéales (cloison recto-vaginale, ligaments utéro-sacrés, vessie et uretères) et péritonéales (endométriomes, implants péritonéaux) et l'EESAR permet le diagnostic d'une infiltration de la paroi rectale de façon fiable et confirme la présence d'un nodule de la cloison rectovaginale. Les données de ces deux examens permettent au chirurgien de prévoir les gestes nécessaires au traitement complet, en particulier les exérèses digestives, et d'en informer la patiente pour qu'elle puisse assumer sa décision d'être opérée.

Le traitement chirurgical est sûr dans une équipe habituée à cette prise en charge. Les complications per-opératoires sont rares mais sont à mettre en parallèle avec la complexité et la diversité des gestes à réaliser (exérèse de ligaments utéro-sacrés, résections digestives…) ainsi que l'expérience des opérateurs ayant effectué ces gestes, justifiant la prise en charge dans des centres spécialisés. Les complications post-opératoires sont peu fréquentes mais très sévères et leurs conséquences sur la fertilité de ces femmes jeunes désireuses de grossesse sont méconnues.

Les résultats fonctionnels sont, en balance à ces complications, très satisfaisants et justifient la prise en charge chirurgicale de cette pathologie.

Mots-clés

endométriose cloison recto-vaginale 

Surgical treatment of rectovaginal septum nodules in infiltrating endometriosis. From a continuous series of 40 cases

Conclusion

Clinical examination during a catamenial period is essential in order to evoke the diagnosis. A pre-operative MRI yields a complete map of the sub-peritoneal (rectovaginal septum, uterosacral ligaments, bladder and ureters) and peritoneal (endometrioma, peritoneal implants) lesions, and ARES allows for the diagnosis of an infiltration of the rectal wall in a reliable fashion and confirms the presence of a nodule of the rectovaginal septum. The data collected from these two examination procedures allow the surgeon to foresee the series of acts required for a complete cure, in particular the digestive resections, and to inform the patient of those acts so that she can give her informed consent to be operated on.

The surgical treatment is usually safe with a team used to managing such cases. Per-operative complications are normally rare but are to be considered in parallel to the complexity and the diversity of acts to be performed (excision of uterosacral ligaments, digestive resections…) as well as to the know-how of the surgeon who performed these acts, therefore justifying a cure in specialised centres. Post-operative complications are not frequent but very severe and their consequence on fertility in these young women eager to be pregnant are ill known.

Functional results are, in balance with the complications, very statisfactory and justify the surgical management of this pathology.

Key-words

endometriosis rectovaginal septum 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Camagna
    • 1
  • O. Dupuis
    • 1
  • E. Soncini
    • 1
  • B. Martin
    • 1
  • L. Palazzo
    • 1
  • P. Madelenat
    • 1
  1. 1.Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude BernardParis Cedex 18(France)

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