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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 78, Issue 1, pp 213–228 | Cite as

Mesopithecus (Primates, Cercopithecidae) from the turolian locality of Vathylakkos 2 (Macedonia, Greece)

  • George D. Koufos
  • Louis de Bonis
  • Dimitris S. Kostopoulos
  • Laurent Viriot
  • Theodora D. Vlachou
Article

Abstract

Two skulls, two mandibles and some postcranials ofMesopithecus from the locality “Vathylakkos 2” of Axios Valley (Macedonia, Greece) enlarge our knowledge about the genus and its differentiation. The new material together with an old skull from the same locality is compared with the Pikermi, “Ravin des Zouaves 5” (Axios Valley), and Maramena (Serres basin) samples. It is concluded that the VathylakkosMesopithecus resemblesM. pentelicus from Pikermi, as wellM. delsoni from “Ravin des Zouaves 5” and it is referred asMesopithecus sp. aff.M. pentelicus. The biochronological age of “Vathylakkos 2” has been considered as MN 12, while recent magnetostratigraphic data indicate an age of about 7.5 Ma. This age confirms the position of the VathylakkosMesopithecus between Pikermi and “Ravin des Zouaves 5”. Some dental indices compared with those of the RecentCercopithecus suggest that the Vathylakkos sample is monospecific.

Keywords

Primates Cercopithecidae Mesopithecus late Miocene Greece systematics biochronology 

Kurzfassung

Zwei Schädel, zwei Mandibeln und verschiedenes postkraniales Material vonMesopithecus aus der Fundstelle „Vathylakkos 2“ aus dem Axios-Tal (Mazedonien, Griechenland) erweitern die Kenntnis der Gattung und ihrer Evolution. Zusammen mit einem schon bekannten Schädel von dieser Fundstelle wird das neue Material mit den Funden aus Pikermi, „Ravin des Zouaves 5“ (Axios-Tal) und Maramena (Becken von Serres) verglichen. Das Material vonMesopithecus aus Vathylakkos ähneltM. pentelicus aus Pikermi, aber auchM. delsoni aus „Ravin des Zouaves 5“ und wird zuMesopithecus sp. aff.M. pentelicus gestellt. Das biostratigraphische Alter von „Vathylakkos 2“ wird als MN 12 angesehen, und neue magnetostratigraphische Daten ergeben ein Alter von etwa 7,5 Ma. Dieses Alter bestätigt die Stellung desMesopithecus von Vathylakkos zwischen dem von Pikermi und dem von „Ravin des Zouaves 5“. Der Vergleich einiger Dentalindizes vonMesopithecus undCercopithecus machen es wahrscheinlich, dass die Funde aus Vathylakkos nur eine Art repräsentieren.

Schlüsselwörter

Primates Cercopithecidae Mesopithecus Obermiozän Griechenland Systematik Biostratigraphie 

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • George D. Koufos
    • 1
  • Louis de Bonis
    • 2
  • Dimitris S. Kostopoulos
    • 1
  • Laurent Viriot
    • 2
  • Theodora D. Vlachou
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Geology and PalaeontologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie HumaineUniversité de PoitiersPoitiersFrance

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