Advertisement

Douleur et Analgésie

, 15:125 | Cite as

Aspects neurobiologiques des douleurs oro-faciales

  • L. Villanueva
  • R. Dallel
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Résumé

Ces dernières années ont permis d’enrichir considérablement nos connaissances des mécanismes des douleurs oro-faciales. Cet article analyse très brièvement ces travaux, en soulignant les aspects les plus remarquables des mécanismes d’activation et d’intégration des messages nociceptifs qui sont à l’origine de ces douleurs.

Mots-clés

Cortex thalamus trijumeau douleur 

Summary

Recent studies have improved our knowledge of the mechanisms underlying orofacial pain. This review considers the most relevant aspects of such mechanisms.

Key-words

Cortex thalamus trigeminal orofacial pain 

Bibliographie

  1. 1.
    Acosta M.C., Tan M.E., Belmonte C. andGallar J.: Sensations evoked by selective mechanical, chemical, and thermal stimulation of the conjunctiva and cornea.Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 42, 2063–2067, 2001.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Azerad J. andWoda A.: Sensation evoked by bipolar intrapulpar stimulation in man.Pain 4, 145–152, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Berthoz A.: Le sens du mouvement. O. Jacob, ed. 1997.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bolay H., Reuter U., Dunn A.K., Huang Z., Boas D.A. andMoskowitz M.A.: Intrinsic brain activity triggers trigeminal meningeal afferents in a migraine model.Nat. Neurosci. 8, 136–142, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Burstein R.: Deconstructing migraine headache into peripheral and central sensitization.Pain 89, 107–110, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dallel R., Dualé C., Luccarini P. andMolat J.L.: Stimulus-function, wind-up and modulation by diffuse noxious inhibitory controls of responses of convergent neurons of the spinal trigeminal nucleus oralis.Eur. J. Neurosci. 11, 31–40, 1999.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dallel R., Dualé C. andMolat J.L.: Morphine administered in the substantia gelatinosa of the spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis inhibits nociceptive activities in the spinal trigeminal nucleus oralis.J. Neurosci. 18, 3529–3536, 1998.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Desbois C., Le Bars D. andVillanueva L.: Organization of cortical projections to the medullary subnucleus reticularis dorsalis: a retrograde and anterograde tracing study in the rat.J. Comp. Neurol. 410, 178–196, 1999.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Duncan G.H., Bushnell M.C., Bates R. andDubner R.: Task-related responses of monkey medullary dorsal horn neurons.J. Neurophysiol. 57, 289–310, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ergenzinger E.R., Glasier M.M., Hahm J.O. andPons T.P.: Cortically induced thalamic plasticity in the primate somatosensory system.Nat. Neurosci. 1, 226–229, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Graham S.H., Sharp F.R. andDillon W.: Intraoral sensation in patient with brain stem lesions: role of the rostral spinal trigeminal nuclei in pons.Neurology 38, 1529–1533, 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Harris A.J.: Cortical origin of pathological pain.Lancet 354 1464–1466, 1999.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    James M.F., Smith J.M., Boniface S.J., Huang C.L.H. andLeslie R.A.: Cortical spreading depression and migraine: new insights from imaging?,TINS 24, 266–271, 2001.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Krupa D.J., Ghazanfar A.A. andNicolelis M.A.: Immediate thalamic sensory plasticity depends on corticothalamic feedback.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 8200–8205, 1999.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Laurent B., Peyron R., Garcia Larrea L. etMauguière F.: La tomographie par émission de positons comme moyen d’étude de l’intégration centrale de la douleur.Rev. Neurol. 156, 341–351, 2000.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Leâo A.: Spreading depression of activity in the cerebral cortex.J. Neurophysiol. 7, 359–390, 1944.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lipton J.A., Ship J.A. andLarach-Robinson D.: Estimated prevalence and distribution of reported orofacial pain in the United States.J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 124, 115–121, 1993.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Loeser J.D.: Tic douloureux and atypical face pain.In: Textbook of pain, Wall P.D., Melzack M., eds., Churchill Livingstone, 535–543, 1994.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mumford J.M. andBowsher D.: Pain and protopathic sensibility. A review with particular reference to the teeth.Pain 2, 223–243, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pajot J., Pelissier T., Sierralta F., Raboisson P. andDallel R.: Differential effects of trigeminal tractotomy on A∂ and C fiber mediated nociceptive responses.Brain Res. 863, 289–292, 2000.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ploghaus A., Tracey I., Clare S., Gati J.S., Rawlins J.N. andMatthews P.M.: Learning about pain: the neural substrate of the prediction error for aversive events.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 9281–9286, 2000.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rainville P.: Brain mechanisms of pain affect and pain modulation.Curr. Op. Neurobiol. 12, 195–204, 2002.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sharav Y.: Orofacial pain.In: Textbook of pain, Wall P.D., Melzack M., eds., Churchill Livingstone, 441–454, 1989.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Villanueva L. andNathan P.W.: Multiple pain pathways.In: Proceedings of the 9th World Congress on Pain, Devor M., Rowbotham M.C., Wiesendfeld-Hallin Z., eds., IASP Press, 371–386, 2000.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wall P.D.: The presence of ineffective synapses and the circumstances which unmask them. Philos.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 278, 361–372, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wall P.D.: Comments after 30 years of the gate control theory.Pain Forum 5, 12–22, 1996.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wall P.D.: Introduction to the fourth edition.In: Textbook of pain, Wall PD, Melzack M, eds., Churchill Livingstone, 1–8, 1999.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Young R.F.: Effect of trigeminal tractotomy on dental sensation in humans.J. Neurosurg. 56, 812–818, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INSERM, E-216, Neurobiologie de la douleur trigéminaleFaculté de Chirurgie DentaireClermont-Ferrand

Personalised recommendations