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The American Journal of Digestive Diseases

, Volume 17, Issue 10, pp 334–337 | Cite as

Successful management of infantile diarrhea in a General Hospital

  • Edwin R. Fisher
  • Bernard Fisher
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Summary and Conclusions

A brief review of the pathologic physiology of infantile diarrhea has been presented so as to formulate a simple rational form of therapy. The results from such therapy in a series of 25 infants has been excellent. Thus the following conclusions are tenable:

1. The use of sodium bicarbonate in severe cases of acidosis is safe and satisfactory.

2. The withdrawal of large amples of blood from infants for extensive laboratory tests is unnecessary and may be harmful.

3. The CO2 combining power affords a guide to therapy.

4. The maintenance of fluid intake, oral and/or parenteral is of prime importance in this disorder.

Keywords

Sodium Bicarbonate Solution Peptic Ulcer Perforation Mercy Hospital Infantile Diarrhea Extra Cellular Fluid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Holt, Emmett Jr., M. D., and McIntosh, Rustin, M. D.: Holt’s Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. Eleventh Edition. D. Appleton-Century Company, New York, 1940; p. 223, 1421 pp.Google Scholar
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    Gamble, J. L.: Clinical Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology of Extracellular Fluid. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1947.Google Scholar
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    Butler, A. M., McKhann, C. F. and Gamble, J. L.: Intracellular fluid loss in diarrheal disease, J. Pediatrics, III:84, 1933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hartmann, A. F., and Senn, M. J. E.: Studies in metabolism of sodium r. lactate; response of human subjects with acidosis to intravenous injection of sodium r. lactate. J. Clin. Investigation 1932, 337-344.Google Scholar
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    Govan, D. C., Jr., and Darrow, D. C.: The use of potassium chloride in the treatment of dehydration of diarrhea in infants. J. Pediatrics, 28:541, 1946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Darrow, D. C.: The retention of electrolyte during recovery from severe dehydration due to diarrhea. J. Pediatrics, 28:515, 1946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hugh, R. N., Anderson, N. A.: Further observations of epidemic diarrhea of newborns. J. Pediatrics 28: 407, 1946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springe-Verlag 1950

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin R. Fisher
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bernard Fisher
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.From the Merey HospitalPittsburgh
  2. 2.University of Pittsburgh Medical SchoolUSA

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