Nutritional survey at a children’s institution; incidence of avitaminotic lesions and effects of therapy

  • Morton S. Biskind
  • R. R. Williams


Examination of 183 boys in a children’s institution, revealed an unexpectedly high incidence of signs and symptoms of nutritional deficiency. Approximately ninety per cent had glossitis, sixty-seven per cent had gingivitis, nineteen per cent had cheilosis and sixty per cent had avitaminotic symptoms related to the nervous system. Routine nutritional therapy with the vitamin B complex, together with ascorbic acid and vitamins A, D and E, of all but a few of this group, during a period of seven months, led to a complete disappearance of the indications of deficiency in most of those affected, and improvement in all but a few of the residual group. This study supports the view that examination for and adequate treatment of the stigmas of nutritional deficiency should have high priority in routine medical care.


Gall Bladder Mastitis Nutritional Deficiency Gingivitis Nutritional Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Jeans, P. C., Feeding of Healthy Infants and Children. Handbook of Nutrition, Chapt. XVIII, A. M. A., Chicago, 1943.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stiebeling, H. K., Adequacy of American Diets, ibid., Chapt. XXI.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kruse, H. D., Medical Evaluation of Nutritional Status, ibid., Chapt. XXII.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sebrell, W. H., Nutrition in Preventive Medicine, ibid., Chapt. XXIII.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jolliffe, Norman, Conditioned Malnutrition, ibid., Chapt. XXIV.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jolliffe, Norman, and Most, Rita M., Appraisal of Nutritional Status. Vitamins and Hormones, 1:59, 1943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Adamson, J. D., Jolliffe, N., Kruse, H. D., et al., Canad. M.A.J., 52:227, 1945.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Coleman, J. M., Texas St. J. M., 40:531, 1945.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roberts, L. J., Blair, R., and Greider, M., Results of Providing a Liberally Adequate Diet to Children in an Institution. J. Pediat., 27:393, 1945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Martin, Hayes, and Koop, C. E., Pre-cancerous Lesions of the Tongue, Am. J. Surg., 47:195, 1942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Biskind, M. S., Nutritional Deficiency in the Etiology of Menorrhagia, Metrorrhagia, Cystic Mastitis and Premenstrual Tension; Treatment with Vitamin B Complex. J. Clin. Endocrinol., 3:227–234, 1943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Biskind, M. S., Biskind, G. R., and Biskind, L. H., Nutritional Deficiency in the Etiology of Menorrhagia, Metrorrhagia, Cystic Mastitis and Premenstrual Tension. II. Further Observations on Treatment with the Vitamin B Complex, Surg., Gynec. & Obstet., 78:49–57, 1944.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Biskind, M. S., and Falk, H. C., Nutritional Therapy of Infertility in the Male, with Special Reference to the Vitamin B Complex and Vitamine E. J. Clin. Endocrinol., 3:148–153, 1943.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Biskind, M. S., and Schreier, H., On the Significance of Nutritional Deficiency in Diabetes. Exp. Med. and Surg., 3:229, 1945.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Biskind, M. S., Nutritional Therapy of Endocrine Disturbances. Vitamins and Hormones, 4:147, 1946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tompkins, W. T., J. Int. Coll. Surg., 4:147, 1941.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Williams, P. F., and Fralin, F. G., Nutrition Studies in Pregnancy. Am. J. Obst. and Gynecol., 43:1; 44:647, 1942.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Burke, B. S., Beal, V. A., Kirkwood, S. B., and Stuart, H. C., Nutrition Studies During Pregnancy. Am. J. Obst. and Gynecol., 46:38, 1943.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Harrell, R. F., Mental Response to Added Thiamine, J. Nutrition 31:283, 1946.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1947

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morton S. Biskind
    • 1
  • R. R. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.New York City
  2. 2.Dobbs Ferry

Personalised recommendations