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The effect of change in US quality on the blocking effect

  • Curtis W. Bakal
  • Randall D. Johnson
  • Robert A. Rescorla
Article
  • 117 Downloads

Abstract

If one CS is paired with a US and then that CS together with a “redundant” stimulus is paired with the US, conditioning of that “redundant” stimulus is attenuated or blocked. The present experiment explores the effect upon this blocking of changing the quality of the US coincident with the introduction of the redundant stimulus. Changing US quality disrupted blocking only when the US potency was also increased. Quality changes in which the redundant stimulus was correlated with a lower potency US only increased blocking. These results are taken as supporting the conditioning model of Rescorla and Wagner but inconsistent with a casual informational model of conditioning.

Keywords

Suppression Ratio Associative Strength Pavlovian Conditioning Redundant Stimulus Conditioned Suppression Procedure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Kamin, L. J.: “Attention-like” processes in classical conditioning.In M. R. Jones (Ed.),Miami Symposium on the Prediction of Behavior: Aversive Stimulation. Miami, University of Miami Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  2. Kamin, L. J.: Predictability, surprise, attention, and conditioning.In B. A. Campbell and R. M. Church (Eds.),Punishment. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969.Google Scholar
  3. Rescorla, R. A.: Informational variables in Pavlovian conditioning.In G. H. Bower (Ed.)The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 6. 1972.Google Scholar
  4. Rescorla, R. A., and Wagner, A. R.: A theory of Pavlovian conditioning: Variations in the effectiveness of reinforcement and nonreinforcement.In A. Black and W. F. Prokasy (Eds.),Classical Conditioning II. New-York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1972.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Curtis W. Bakal
    • 1
  • Randall D. Johnson
    • 1
  • Robert A. Rescorla
    • 1
  1. 1.Yale UniversityUSA

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