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CS Intensity effects on rabbit nictitating membrane conditioning, extinction and generalization

  • M. J. Scavio
  • I. Gormezano
Article
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

One purpose of the present experiments was to determine if the Grice and Hunter (1964) observation of augmented within-versus between-Ss CS intensity effects in human eyelid conditioning would be obtained in conditioning of the rabbit’s nictitating membrane response under two (Experiment 1) and four (Experiment 2) CS intensity values. In addition, a determination was made of the effects of CS intensity upon extinction and stimulus intensity generalization gradients. The studies revealed that: (a) while acquisition performance was positively related to CS intensity, the effect was independent of the between and within-S manipulation of CS intensity; (b) rate of response decrement in extinction was an inverse function of CS intensity; and (c) a positively sloped intensity generalization gradient was obtained when the training stimulus was the low-intensity one. Overall, these results are most consistent with Hull’s (1949) stimulus intensity dynamism account of CS intensity effects in conditioning.

Keywords

Conditioned Stimulus Nictitate Membrane Generalization Gradient Generalization Testing Eyelid Conditioning 
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Copyright information

© Springer 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Scavio
    • 1
  • I. Gormezano
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IowaUSA

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