Reduction of anxiety in genetically timid dogs

Drug-induced schizokinesis and autokinesis
  • Oddist D. Murphree


In behavior studies of genetically timid and normal dogs it was possible to focus on nervous non-performing animals in a search for agents which might attenuate the overriding anxiety which causes these animals to become rigid, aversive-avoiding or bizarre in the presence of humans. Of the drugs tested, chlordiazepoxide (Librium, Roche), 75 to 200 mg per dog per day, was most effective in alleviating the anxious condition. Sometimes the drug had the effect of getting the animal over a “threshold” so that he continued to perform (bar-pressing) indefinitely after once started through the aid of chlordiazepoxide. This is considered an example of both schizokinesis and autokinesis which Gantt first described and associated with drug action utilizing conditional response techniques.


Chlordiazepoxide Imipramine Psychoactive Drug Meprobamate Empty Room 
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Copyright information

© Springer 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oddist D. Murphree
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.North Little Rock DivisionVeterans Administration HospitalUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Arkansas Medical CenterLittle Rock

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