The use of naturally carbonated saline-alkaline mineral waters in conditions affecting the alimentary tract
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Disturbed physiology of the gastrointestinal tract is manifest primarily in abnormal secretion and abnormal motility.
Congestion of the organs may result either from disturbances in the tract itself or from causes outside such as cardiac and renal diseases.
The nervous control of gastrointestinal function is recognized as a pathway through which physical and mental stress may produce both symptoms and physical disease.
The application of mineral waters in the treatment of these conditions is based upon their influence on secretion and motility of the intestinal tract.
The part they may play in cellular metabolism is discussed but it must await further study for clarification.
Their use has been generally beneficial in conditions where either secretion or motility, or both, is below normal. Their use should be carefully controlled when the secretion and motility are above normal as found in functional conditions of hyperacidity, diarrhea or peptic ulcer. Also where chronic passive congestion, dependent on cardiac and renal conditions, is present, the mineral waters should be used with great caution.
The importance of careful, individual study of each patient is stressed so that the waters may be used with an intimate knowledge of the pathologic physiology, which is the basis for determining their definite indications.
KeywordsPeptic Ulcer Duodenal Ulcer Mineral Water Dyspepsia Intestinal Tract
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