Bell’s Palsy — herpes simplex virus type-1 a possible causative agent

  • A. Chakravarti
  • V. N. Chaturvedi
  • Vandana Bhide
  • J. J. Rodrigues
Short Communication


The role of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-I) in Bell’s Palsy was evaluated according to clinical symptomatology and serologic findings in a series of 41 patients seen over two years period. Four fold rise in antibody titre between the acute and convalescent sera suggesting a primary infection by HSV-1 was seen in 21.9% cases, while arise in titre or a constantly high titre suggesting a reactivation or recurrent infection by HSV-I was obtained in 29.2% cases. In 48.9% cases there was a negative antibody titre. No seasonal clustering was observed. There was no relation between the recovery of facial nerve function with the antibody titre. Key words: Bell’s palsy. Herpes simplex virus.


Antibody Titre Herpes Zoster Facial Nerve Function Facial Paralysis Convalescent Phase 
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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Chakravarti
    • 1
  • V. N. Chaturvedi
    • 2
  • Vandana Bhide
    • 3
  • J. J. Rodrigues
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyUniversity College of Medical Sciences & G.T.B. HospitalDelhi
  2. 2.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyMahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram, WardhaMaharashtra
  3. 3.National Institute of VirologyPune

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