A study of otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients of chronic renal failure

  • M. K. Agarwal
Guest editorial


The present study was carried out on 50 patients of Chronic renal failure (CRF), Majority of CRF patients had high frequency hearing loss, but inner ear changes were found to be irreversible even after dialysis. All cases had cochlear lesion. No relationship could be established between the level of blood urea, creatinine, serum potassium, serum calcium and blood pressure with the severity of the impaired hearing. A direct correlation was seen between increasing hyponatraemia and impaired hearing. No direct relationship could be made between blood pressure and epistaxis, but all the cases had raised blood urea.


  1. 1.
    Agarwal Ak, Dayal D and Chandra M (1980): Cochlear function in chronic renal failure. Indian J Otolaryngology Vol. 32: 4.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alport AC (1927): Hereditary familial congenital haemorrhagic nephritis. British Medical Journal 1: 504–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beaney GPE (1964): Otolaryngeal problems arising during the management of severe renal failure. J Laryngol Otol 78: 507–15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bergstrom L, Jenkins, P, Sando I, English CM (1973): Hearing loss in renal disease: clinical and pathological studies. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 82: 555–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Johnson DW and Mathog RH (1976): Hearing function and chronic renal failure. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 85: 43–49.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kopsa et al. (1972): Hearing disorders in chronic renal failure. Monatsschr Ohren Laryng 106: 332–339.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Quick CA, Fish A and Brown C (1973): The relationship between cochlea and Kidney. Laryngoscope 83: 1469–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yassin A, Badry A and Fatt-Hi A (1970): The relationship between electrolyte balance and cochlear disturbances in cases of renal failure. Journal of Laryngology and Otology 84: 429–435.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Agarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ENTBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi

Personalised recommendations