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Delineation and parameterization of banikdih watershed using remote sensing and avswat model

  • V. K. Pandey
  • S. N. Panda
  • N. S. Raghuwanshi
  • S. Sudhakar
Article

Abstract

Delineation of Banikdih Agricultural watershed in Eastern India was carried out and various watershed parameters were extracted using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) was developed with a contour interval of 10 m in the scale of 1:25000 using ARC/INFO modules. Sub watershed, drainage, slope, aspect, flow direction, soil series, soil texture, and soil class maps were independently generated and they were properly registered and integrated for analysis. The watershed was digitally delineated using AVSWAT model that couples hydrological model and GIS with appropriate threshold value of cell size. Subsequently, stream characteristics through the interface were generated. Indian Remote Sensing Satellite IRS-1D LISS-III data pertaining to the period of October 29, 1998 and October 23, 2000 was used to develop land use/land cover thematic map using ERDAS- 8.4 version image processing software. Eight major land use/land cover classes namely water body, lowland paddy, upland paddy, fallow land, upland crop (non-paddy crops), settlement, open mixed forest, and wasteland were segregated through digital image processing techniques using maximum likelihood algorithm. The information generated would be of immense help in hydrological modeling of watershed for prediction of runoff and sediment yield, thereby providing necessary inputs for developing suitable developmental management plans with sound scientific basis.

Keywords

Geographic Information System Digital Elevation Model Sediment Yield Pour Point Flow Accumulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. Pandey
    • 1
  • S. N. Panda
    • 2
  • N. S. Raghuwanshi
    • 2
  • S. Sudhakar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Soil and Water Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural EngineeringIndira Gandhi Agricultural UniversityRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural and Food EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of SpaceNational Remote Sensing AgencyHyderabadIndia

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