Original article

Study of congenital anomalies of pinna and the ecological influence on it’s development
  • Santanu Banerjee


Pinna is present in mammals only and not found in any other living species. Various congenital anomalies of Human pinna often mimic the appearance of normal pinna of many mammals of lower order. Ecology has been observed to play a role in the development of pinna. Anomalous pinna though frustrating for both patients and clinicians, are mostly amenable to treatment.


Cleft Palate Unequal Size Meatal Stenosis Ecological Influence Congenital Atresia 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Stauart R. Mawson (1979), Diseases of the ear (vol. 4), 217, 218 221, 224, 229.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dr. S. N. Sahana. (1980) Text book of Anatomy, vol. 2; N-287Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Scott-Brown’s otolaryngology (1987),Edited by Allan G Kerr & John Grove. 3, 157–159Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scott-Brown’s otolaryngology (1987) Edited by Alan G Kerr & John Grove 6 : 54–63Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bowden, REM (1977), Development of the middle and external ear in Man; proceedings of the royal society of medicine. 70: 823–826Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gill N. W. (1969) Congenital atresia of the ear. Journal of laryngology & Otology. 83: 551–587.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Santanu Banerjee
    • 1
  1. 1.West BengalIndia

Personalised recommendations