Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 1–9 | Cite as

Selenium in Kashin-Beck disease areas

  • Xu Liquiang
  • Sen Wangxing
  • Xiong Qinhua
  • Huang Huiming
  • P. Schramel


In this article, the duplication portion technique was used to determine the daily intakes of selenium and ten other elements in the 24-h total diets collected in the typical Kashin-Beck endemic areas, i.e., Shanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous of China. The contents of Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Zn, Mn, Al, Sr, Ba, and P in freeze-dried samples were determined by ICP-AES. Se was determined by differential pulse catalytic polarography.

The average Se contents in total diets of Shanxi Kashin-Beck endemic and nonendemic areas were 0.009 and 0.021 μg/g (dry weight), respectively (P<0.001), corresponding to the daily intakes for Se of 4.6 and 10.5 μg. After the Se-supplemented fertilizer was applied (225 g of Na2SeO3/ha), the average Se content in total diets of Kashin-Beck disease area was increased to 0.0336 μg/g, which corresponded to the average daily intake for Se of 16.8 μg.

In Inner Mongolia Kashin-Beck endemic and nonendemic areas, the average Se contents in total diets were 0.006 and 0.017 μg/g, respectively (p<0.001), corresponding to the average daily intakes for Se of 3 and 8.5μg. The contents of other ten elements in total diets in endemic and nonendemic areas were reported and compared.

Index Entries

Selenium trace elements total diets Kashin-Beck disease selenium-supplemented fertilizer 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Z. Li,Environ. Science 2(5), 18 (in Chinese) (1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Hou,Chinese J. End. Dis. 2, 21 (in Chinese) (1982).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Xu,Z. Anal. Chem. 332, 45 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. H. Harrison,Anal. Chem. 47, 1985 (1975).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    IAEA, Co-ordinated research program on human daily dietary intakes of nutritionally important trace elements, draft (1984).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Q. Xiong,Symposium of Analytical Quality Control, Shanghai (in Chinese) (1987).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Yin,Nutr. Acta 7(3), 195 (in Chinese) (1985).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Xu,Nutr. Acta 4(3), 183 (in Chinese) (1982).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Endemic Disease Research Group,Nutr. Acta 4(3), 175 (in Chinese) (1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Liquiang
    • 1
  • Sen Wangxing
    • 1
  • Xiong Qinhua
    • 1
  • Huang Huiming
    • 1
  • P. Schramel
    • 2
  1. 1.Shanghai Institute of MetallurgyAcademia SinicaShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Gesellschaft für Strahlen- und Umweltforschung mbHInstitut für Ökologische ChemieNeuherbergGermany

Personalised recommendations