Satellite based study of land transformation in Ludhiana District, Punjab

  • Minakshi P.K. Sharma
  • Amandeep Kaur
  • Vanita Shalley


This study reveals the temporal changes in the land use/land cover of district Ludhiana from the years 1970 to 2001 and reports on the change that has occurred in land use/land cover as a result of change in cropping pattern. The changes were analysed through the data obtained from statistical abstract 1969–70, False Colour Composite (FCC) of IRS-IC LISS-III satellite data of March 2001 and ground truth. There has been a decrease in agricultural land by 2100 ha. but still it occupies 83.76% of the total geographical area (TGA). The wasteland shows a declining trend whereas forest cover has increased from 1.07 to 2.71% of TGA. Area under non-agricultural uses has increased from 10.13 to 12.50% of TGA. There has also been a great change in the cropping pattern of the district. Crops such as groundnut, gram and cotton have nearly disappeared and wheat and rice dominate the region. This change has substantially resulted in the decrease of area under wastelands.


Agricultural Land Remote Sensing Sand Dune Land Transformation False Colour Composite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Anderson, J.R., Hardy, E.E., Roach, J.T. and Winner, R.E. (1976). A landuse and land cover classification system for use with remote sensing data. Professional Paper No. 964 USGS. Reston Verginia, 28p.Google Scholar
  2. Jaiswal, R.K., Saxena, R. and Mukherjee. S. (1999). Application of Remote Sensing Technology for landuse/landcover change analysis. Jour. Ind. Soc. Remote Sensing,27(2): 123–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kachhwaha. T.S. (1985). Temporal monitoring of forestland for change detection and forest cover mapping through satellite remote sensing. Proc. of Sixth Asian Conf. On Rem. Sens. Hyderabad, pp. 77–83.Google Scholar
  4. Khorram, S. and John, A.B. (1991). A regional assessment of land use/ land cover types in Sicily with T. M. data. Int. J. Remote Sensing,12(1): 69–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Samant, H.P. and Subramanyan, V. (1998). Landuse/ Landcover change in Mumbai-Navi Mumbai cities and its effects on the drainage basins and channels-A study using GIS. Jour. Ind. Soc. Remote Sensing,26 (1,2): 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Shankar Narayan, K.A. and Sen, A.K. (1977). The methodology of mapping land resources for rational utilization. Chapter 9 Desertification and its control ICAR New Delhi, pp. 77–80.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minakshi P.K. Sharma
    • 1
  • Amandeep Kaur
    • 1
  • Vanita Shalley
    • 1
  1. 1.Punjab Remote Sensing CentreLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations