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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 347–356 | Cite as

The oldest Jurassic cyathophorid coral (Scleractinia) from siliciclastic environments of the Kachchh Basin, western India

  • Dhirendra K. Pandey
  • Bernard Lathuilière
  • Franz T. Fürsich
  • Sanjeev Kuldeep
Article
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

CyathophoraMichelin, 1843, hitherto well known from the Upper Jurassic and Cretaceous, has been found in the Middle Jurassic (Bajocian) of the Kachchh Basin, western India. Eleven specimens ofCyathophora bourgueti (Defrance, 1826) from the Babia Cliff Sandstone member of the Kaladongar Formation, exposed along the northern scarp of the Kala Dongar, Pachchham Island, Kachchh, are described and illustrated as the earliest Jurassic record of the family CyathophoridaeVaughan & Wells, 1943. It is suggested that the monospecific occurrence ofCyathophora bourgueti was controlled by salinity.

Keywords

Scleractinia corals Bajocian palaeoecology Kachchh India 

Kurzfassung

Elf Exemplare der KoralleCyathophora Michelin, 1843, bekannt aus dem Oberjura und der Kreide, wurden im Mitteljura (Bajoc) des Beckens von Kachchh, westliches Indien, gefunden. Sie stammen aus dem Babia Cliff Sandstone member der Kaladongar Formation, die entlang des nördlichen Abbruchs von Kala Dongar auf Pachchham Island aufgeschlossen ist. Die Exemplare werden als die ältesten jurassischen Vertreter der Familie CyathophoridaeVaughan &Wells, 1943 beschrieben und abgebildet. Das monospezifische Auftreten vonCyathophora geht vermutlich auf Schwankungen im Salzgehalt des randlich marinen Ablagerungsraumes zurück.

Schlüsselwörter

Scleractinia Korallen Bajoc Palökologie Kachchh Indien 

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhirendra K. Pandey
    • 1
  • Bernard Lathuilière
    • 2
  • Franz T. Fürsich
    • 3
  • Sanjeev Kuldeep
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of RajasthanJaipurIndia
  2. 2.Université Henri Poincaré Nancy 1Vandoeuvre lès Nancy CedexFrance
  3. 3.Institut für Paläontologie der Universität WürzburgWürzburgGermany

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