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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 82, Issue 3, pp 325–346 | Cite as

Systematic revision of the endemic deerHaploidoceros n. gen.mediterraneus (Bonifay, 1967) (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Middle Pleistocene of Southern France

  • Roman Croitor
  • Marie-Françoise Bonifay
  • Jean-Philip Brugal
Article

Abstract

New osteological material of the endemic deer from Lunel-Viel and l’Igue des Rameaux (France) reveals its evolutionary specialization, and gives reason for establishing a new genus,Haploidoceros, with a single speciesH. mediterraneus (Bonifay, 1967). The cranial proportions and morphology suggest thatH. mediterraneus is close to the Late Villafranchian speciesMetacervocerus rhenanus, which may be a possible forerunner of the deer under study. The evolutionary origin ofH. mediterraneus took place in the Iberian glacial refugia during the “Mindel glaciation” of the early Middle Pleistocene. The North-East distribution ofH. mediterraneus was limited by unfavorable climate influence of the Arctic and Alpine Ice Shields.

Keywords

Cervidae Haploidoceros n. gen. systematics morphology evolution middle Pleistocene France 

Kurzfassung

Neues Material des endemischen Hirsches von Lunel-Viel und l’Igue des Rameaux (Frankreich) zeigt die evolutive Spezialisierung dieses Taxons, für das somit eine neue GattungHaploidoceros, mit einer einzigen Art,H. mediterraneus (Bonifay, 1967), aufgestellt wird. Die Proportionen des Schädels und die Morphologie deuten darauf hin, dassH. mediterraneus der ArtMetacervocerus rhenanus aus dem Villefranchian nahe steht, die möglicherweise ein Vorfahr des hier untersuchten Hirsches war. Der evolutive Ursprung vonH. mediterraneus ist vermutlich in Iberischen Rückzugsgebieten zur Zeit der Mindel-Vereisung im frühen Mittel-Pleistozän zu suchen. Die Verbreitung vonH. mediterraneus nach Norden und Osten war durch die klimatischen Bedingungen der arktischen und alpinen Eisschilde begrenzt.

Schlüsselwörter

Cervidae Haploidoceros n. gen. Systematik Morphologie Evolution mittleres Pleistozän Frankreich 

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roman Croitor
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marie-Françoise Bonifay
    • 2
  • Jean-Philip Brugal
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Cultural HeritageAcademy of Sciences of MoldovaKishinauMoldova
  2. 2.U.M.R. 6636 - Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’HommeAix-en-Provence Cedex 2France

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