A Lower Cambrian shallow-water occurrence of the branching ‘deep-water’ type trace fossilDendrorhaphe from the Lontova Formation, eastern Latvia

  • Sören Jensen
  • Kaisa Mens


We describe a unique Lower Cambrian (Lontova Formation, Latvia) occurrence of a branching trace fossil assigned toDendrorhaphe isp. In the Mesozoic and Cenozoic this type occurs exclusively in deep-water flysch deposits.Dendrorhaphe may, therefore, be an additional example of a flysch-type trace fossil with an origin in early Palaeozoic shallow-water environments and subsequent onshore-offshore displacement, or perhaps, expansion. Recently,Dendrorhaphe Seilacher 1977, has been synonymized withDendrotichnium Farrés 1967 andUbinia Grosshejm 1961. This needs further consideration, especially because of possible relation of these ichnogenera toChondrites patulus Fischer-Ooster 1858.


Pyrite Cambrian Ordovician Lower Cambrian Trace Fossil 
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Das Vorkommen des verzweigten SpurenfossilsDendrorhaphe wird aus der unterkambrischen Lontova Formation von Litauen beschrieben. Im Mesozoikum und Känozoikum tritt dieser Spurentyp ausnahmslos in Flyschablagerungen des Tiefwassers auf. BeiDendrorhaphe handelt es sich deshalb vermutlich um ein weiteres Beispiel eines Flysch-Spurenfossils, das im frühen Paläozoikum im Flachwasser entstand und anschließend in Richtung offenes Meer verdrängt wurde bzw. möglicherweise in diese Richtung expandierte.Dendrorhaphe Seilacher 1977 wurde jüngst mitDendrotichnium Farrés 1967 undUbinia Grossheim 1961 synonymisiert. Dies bedarf jedoch noch gründlicherer Untersuchung, bei der vor allem die Beziehung dieser Spurenfossilien zuChondrites patulus Fischer-Ooster 1858 geklärt werden muß.


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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sören Jensen
    • 1
  • Kaisa Mens
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Institute of Geology at Tallinn Technical UniversityTallinnEstonia

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