Advertisement

A Lower Cambrian shallow-water occurrence of the branching ‘deep-water’ type trace fossilDendrorhaphe from the Lontova Formation, eastern Latvia

  • Sören Jensen
  • Kaisa Mens
Article

Abstract

We describe a unique Lower Cambrian (Lontova Formation, Latvia) occurrence of a branching trace fossil assigned toDendrorhaphe isp. In the Mesozoic and Cenozoic this type occurs exclusively in deep-water flysch deposits.Dendrorhaphe may, therefore, be an additional example of a flysch-type trace fossil with an origin in early Palaeozoic shallow-water environments and subsequent onshore-offshore displacement, or perhaps, expansion. Recently,Dendrorhaphe Seilacher 1977, has been synonymized withDendrotichnium Farrés 1967 andUbinia Grosshejm 1961. This needs further consideration, especially because of possible relation of these ichnogenera toChondrites patulus Fischer-Ooster 1858.

Keywords

Pyrite Cambrian Ordovician Lower Cambrian Trace Fossil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kurzfassung

Das Vorkommen des verzweigten SpurenfossilsDendrorhaphe wird aus der unterkambrischen Lontova Formation von Litauen beschrieben. Im Mesozoikum und Känozoikum tritt dieser Spurentyp ausnahmslos in Flyschablagerungen des Tiefwassers auf. BeiDendrorhaphe handelt es sich deshalb vermutlich um ein weiteres Beispiel eines Flysch-Spurenfossils, das im frühen Paläozoikum im Flachwasser entstand und anschließend in Richtung offenes Meer verdrängt wurde bzw. möglicherweise in diese Richtung expandierte.Dendrorhaphe Seilacher 1977 wurde jüngst mitDendrotichnium Farrés 1967 undUbinia Grossheim 1961 synonymisiert. Dies bedarf jedoch noch gründlicherer Untersuchung, bei der vor allem die Beziehung dieser Spurenfossilien zuChondrites patulus Fischer-Ooster 1858 geklärt werden muß.

References

  1. Artjushkov, E.V.;Lindström, M. &Popov, L.E. 1997. O prirode transgressij i regressij v baltijskom paleobassejne v Kembrii i nachale Ordovika [On the nature of transgressions and regressions in the Baltic paleobasin in the Cambrian and beginning of the Ordovician]. - Doklady Akademii Nauk357: 657–661, Moscow. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. Bi De-chang;Guo Pei-xia &Qian Mai-peng. 1996. Trace fossils from the Triassic Qinlong Formation of Lower Yangzi Valley. - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica35: 714–729, Beijing. [in Chinese].Google Scholar
  3. Birkis, A.P.;Brangulis, A.P.;Volkova, N.A. &Rozanov, A. Yu. 1972. Novye dannye po stratigrafii Kembriya vostochnoj Latvii [New information on the Cambrian stratigraphy of eastern Latvia]. - Doklady Akademii Nauk204: 163–166, Moscow. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. Bottier, D.J.;Droser, M.L. &Jablonski, D. 1988. Palaeoenvironmental trends in the history of trace fossil. - Nature333: 252–255, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brangulis, A.P. 1985. Vend i Kembrij Latvii [The Vendian and Cambrian of Latvija]. - 134 pp., Riga (Zinatez). [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. Bromley, R.G. 1996. Trace Fossils. Biology, taphonomy and applications. 2nd ed. - 361 pp., London etc. (Chapman and Hall).Google Scholar
  7. Crimes, T.P. 1992. Changes in the trace fossil biota across the Proterozoic-Phanerozoic boundary. - Journal of the Geological Society, London149: 637–646, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Crimes, T.P. &Fedonkin, M.A. 1994. Evolution and dispersal of deepsea traces. - Palaios9: 74–83, Tulsa.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Crimes, T.P.;Garcia Hidalgo, J.F. &Poire, D.G. 1992. Trace fossils from Arenig flysch sediments of Eire and their bearing on the early colonisation of the deep seas. - Ichnos2: 61–77, Yverdon.Google Scholar
  10. Crimes, T.P.;Goldring, R.;Homewood, P.; van Struijvenberg, J. &Winkler, W. 1981. Trace fossil assemblages of deep-sea fan deposits, Gurnigel and Schlieren flysch (Cretaceous-Eocene), Switzerland. - Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae74: 953–995, Basel.Google Scholar
  11. Ekdale, A.A. 1985. Paleoecology of the marine endobenthos. - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology50: 63–81, Amsterdam.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. — 1988. Pitfalls of paleobathymetric interpretations based on trace fossil assemblages. - Palaios3: 464–472, Tulsa.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Farrés, F. 1967. Los «Dendrotichnium» de España. - Notas y Comunicaciónes Instituto Geológico y Minero de España94: 29–36, Madrid.Google Scholar
  14. Fischer-Ooster, C. 1858. Die fossilen Fucoiden der Schweizer-Alpen, nebst Erörterungen über deren geologisches Alter. - 72 pp., Bern (Huber).Google Scholar
  15. Fu Shao-ping 1991. Funktion, Verhalten und Einteilung fucoider und lophocteniider Lebenspuren. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg135: 1–64, Frankfurt.Google Scholar
  16. Gnilovskaya 1988 [ed.]. Vendotenidy vostochno-evropejskoj platformy [Vendotaenids from the East-European Platform]. - 142 pp., Leningrad (Nauka). [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. Goldring, R. &Jensen, S. 1996. Trace fossils and biofabrics at the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary interval in western Mongolia. - Geological Magazine133: 403–415, London.Google Scholar
  18. Grosshejm, V.A. 1961. Nekotorye novye gieroglify iz nizhnemelovykh otlozhenij severo-zapadnogo Kavkaza [Some new hieroglyphs from Lower Cretaceous beds of northwest Caucasus]. - Trudy Krasnodarskogo Filiala Vsesoyuznogo Neftegazovgo Nauchno-Issledovatielskogo Instituta1961 (6): 202–206, Krasnodar. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. Han Yaojun &Pickerill, R.K. 1994. Palichnology of the Lower Devonian Wapske Formation, Perth-Andover-Mount Carleton region, northwestern New Brunswick, eastern Canada. - Atlantic Geology30: 217–245, Halifax.Google Scholar
  20. Hofmann, H.J. 1985. The mid-Proterozoic Little Dal macrobiota, Mackenzie mountains, north-west Canada. - Palaeontology28: 35–39, London.Google Scholar
  21. Kala, E.;Kajak, K.;Mens, K. &Pirrus, E. 1981. Litostratigrafiya i fatsii lontovaskogo gorizonta v Estonii [Lithostratigraphy and facies of the Lontova Stage in Estonia]. - Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR, Geology30: 137–147, Tallinn. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. Kim, J.Y.;Seo, Y.S. &Park, S.I. 1992. Trace fossils from the Yeongheung Formation, Yeongweol, Korea. - The Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society13: 313–326, Seoul.Google Scholar
  23. Kozur, H.W.;Krainer, K. &Mostler, H. 1996. Ichnology and sedimentology of the Early Permian deep-water deposits from the Lercara-Roccapalumba area (western Sicily, Italy). - Facies34: 123–150, Erlangen.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leshchukh, R.I. 1988. Nakhodki sledov zhizhnedeyatel’nosti organizmov v nizhnemelovom flishe Ukrainskikh Karpat [Finds of trace fossils in Lower Cretaceous flysch in the Ukrainian Carpathians]. - [In:]Bogdanova, T.N.;Khozatskij, L.I. &Ishchenko, A.A. [eds.] Sledy zhizhnedeyatel’nosti i dinamika sredy v drevnykh biotopakh: 70–76, Kiev (Naukova Dumka). [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. Macsotay, O. 1967. Huellas problemáticas y su valor paleoecológico en Venezuela. - Geos (Venezuela)16: 7–79, Caracas.Google Scholar
  26. Mens, K. 1987. Lontova Stage - [In:]Rozanov, A.Yu. &Lydka, K. [eds.] Palaeogeography and lithology of the Vendian and Cambrian of the western East-European Platform: 32–37, Warsaw (Publishing House Wydawnictwa Geologiczne).Google Scholar
  27. Mens, K.;Bergström, J. &Lendzion, K. 1990. The Cambrian system on the East European Platform. - International Union of Geological Sciences Publication25: 1–73, Paris.Google Scholar
  28. Miller, W. III. 1991. Paleoecology of graphoglyptids. - Ichnos1: 305–312, Yverdon.Google Scholar
  29. Moczydlowska, M. &Vidal, G. 1988. How old is the Tommotian? - Geology16: 166–168, Boulder.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Palij, V.M.;Posti, E. &Fedonkin, M.A. 1983. Soft-bodied metazoa and animal trace fossils in the Vendian and early Cambrian. - [In:]Urbanek, A. &Rozanov, A.Yu. [eds.] Upper Precambrian and Cambrian palaeontology of the East-European Platform: 56–94, Warsaw (Publishing House Wydawnictwa Geologiczne).Google Scholar
  31. Seilacher, A. 1967. Bathymetry of trace fossils. - Marine Geology5: 413–428, Amsterdam.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. — 1977. Pattern analysis ofPaleodictyon and related trace fossils. - [In:]Crimes, T.P. &Harper, J.C. [eds.] Trace fossils 2. - Geological Journal Special Issue9: 289–334, Liverpool (Seel House Press).Google Scholar
  33. — 1990. Aberrations in bivalve evolution related to photo- and chemosymbiosis. - Historical Biology3: 289–311, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. Stanley, D.C.A. &Pickerill, R.K. 1993. Shallow marinePaleodictyon from the Upper Ordovician Georgina Bay Formation of southern Ontario. - Atlantic Geology29: 115–119, Halifax.Google Scholar
  35. Tammeaid, I. 1990. Framboidalnyj pirit v sledakh zhizhnedeyatel’nosti organizmov v osadkakh nizhnego kembriiya Estonii [Framboidal pyrite in trace fossils from the Lower Cambrian of Estonia]. - Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology39: 95–97, Tallinn, [in Russian].Google Scholar
  36. Tunis, G. &Uchman, A. 1996. Trace fossils and facies changes in Cretaceous-Eocence flysch deposits of the Julian Prealps (Italy and Slovenia): consequences of regional and worldwide changes. - Ichnos4: 169–190, Yverdon.Google Scholar
  37. Twitchett, R.J. &Wignall, P.B. 1996. Trace fossils and the aftermath of the Permo-Triassic mass extinction: evidence from northern Italy. - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology124: 137–151, Amsterdam.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Volkova, N.A.;Kiryanov, V.V.;Piskun, L.V. &Rudavskaya, V.A. 1990. Vsesoyuznyj kollokium po akritarkham dokembriya i nizhnego paleozoya [All-Union colloquium on Precambrian and Lower Paleozoic acritarchs]. -Geologicheskij Zhurnal1990 (6): 132–133, Kiev. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  39. Wetzel, A. &Uchman, A. 1997. Ichnology of deep-sea fan overbank deposits of the Ganei Slates (Eocene, Switzerland) — a classical flysch trace fossil locality studied first by Oswald Heer. - Ichnos5: 139–162, Yverdon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yang Hang-fu. 1992. Trace fossils. - [In:] The Triassic of Qinling mountains and neighboring areas: 169–173, Beijing (The Press of the China University of Geosciences). [in Chinese].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sören Jensen
    • 1
  • Kaisa Mens
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Institute of Geology at Tallinn Technical UniversityTallinnEstonia

Personalised recommendations