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Remediation of an old landsfill site

Soil analysis, leachate quality and gas production
  • William Hogland
Research Articles

Abstract

The Baltic Sea Region has a large number of landfills that need remediation after care routines and control, in order to avoid future emissions to the environment and to fulfil the demands in the EU Waste Council Directive on the landfill of waste. Based on the Måsalycke test screening, an excavation of whole or of parts of the landfill can be seen as a potential measure for some of the old landfills. The material excavated in the test was screened into the fractions: < 18 mm, 182-50 mm and > 50 mm. The coarsest fraction (> 50 mm) contained 50% wood and paper. The medium-sized fraction (18–50 mm) contained stones and indefinable soil-like material, while the fine fraction contained peat-like material with some other small waste components. The spectral analysis of heavy metals indicated only high concentrations of zinc and there was no significant difference between the fine and the medium-sized fractions. The medium sized and the unsorted fraction was moisturized and refilled into the pit. The methane content in the landfill gas from the pit was 50–57% in the sorted material with a flow of 8–17 l/min and 38–57% in the unsorted fraction with a flow of 2–13 l/min during the first 1.5 year. The Måsalycke landfill is in the methanogenic phase and leachate concentrations are normal. Landfill mining can be used to prolong the landfill lifetime and/or used as a tool for remedial actions in contaminated sites.

Keywords

Landfill gas LFM (landfill mining) leachate material recovery soil analysis 

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Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of TechnologyUniversity of KalmarKalmarSweden

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