Advertisement

Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 69, Issue 1–2, pp 73–85 | Cite as

Morphology and mode of life of the polychaeteRotularia

  • Enrico Savazzi Uppsala
Article

Abstract

The serpulidRotularia built rather regular, planispiral or trochospiral tubes with an uncoiled adult portion. Juveniles ofRotularia were cemented to small substrates, and later in ontogeny grew into secondary, reclining epifaunal soft-bottom dwellers in medium- to high-energy environments. The uncoiled adult portion, together with the coiled portion of the tube, constituted a stabilizing structure increasing the effective area of contact with the substrate, and was only exceptionally bent out of the coiling plane, a situation common in other sessile soft-bottom dwellers among polychaetes and gastropods.

Keywords

Eocene Cenomanian Life Habit Conical Specimen Early Whorl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kurzfassung

Die SerpelRotularia baute ziemlich regelmäßige, planspirale oder trochospirale Röhren mit einem entrollten Adultteil. Juvenile Formen vonRotularia lebten zunächst an kleine Substratflächen zementiert und entwickelten sich später in der Ontogenie zu sekundären epifaunalen Liegformen auf Weichböden mittel- bis hochenergetischer Milieus. Der entrollte Adultteil bildete zusammen mit dem aufgerollten Teil der Röhre eine stabilisierende Struktur und verließ nur selten die Windungsebene, eine Situation, die man auch bei anderen sessilen Weichbodenbewohnern unter den Polychaeten und Gastropoden antrifft.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ball, H. W. (1960): Upper Cretaceous Decapoda and Serpulidae from James Ross Island, Graham Land. - Scientific Reports of the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey 24: 1–30.Google Scholar
  2. Bronn, H. G. 1827. Verzeichnis der vom Heidelberger Mineralien-Komptoir verkäuflichen Konchylien-, Pflanzenthier- und anderen Versteinerungen. - Zeitschrift für Mineralogie 2: 529–544, Frankfurt.Google Scholar
  3. Chiplonkar, G.W. &Tapaswi, P.M. 1973. Fossil polychaetes from the Upper Cretaceous rock formations of South India - part II. - Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science B77: 202–213, Bangalore.Google Scholar
  4. Cossmann, M. 1912. Essais de paléoconchologie comparée. - 9: 215 pp., Lamarre, Paris.Google Scholar
  5. Dal Piaz, G. 1964. Lezioni di paleontologia. Volume I. Introduzione generale e invertebrati. 422 pp. [2nd reprint of 3rd edition], Cedam, Padova.Google Scholar
  6. Defrance, M.J. L. 1827. Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles. - 51: 123–124, Paris.Google Scholar
  7. Doncieux, L. 1926. Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Deuxième partie, fascicule III, Corbières septentrionales. - Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série 1 45: I-VII, 1–80, Lyon.Google Scholar
  8. Gardner, J. 1939. Notes on fossils from the Eocene of the Gulf Province. - United States Geological Survey Professional Papers 193B: 17–44, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  9. Guerrero, S. &Reyment, R. A. 1988. Prédation and feeding in the naticid gastropodNaticarius intricatoides (Hidalgo). - Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 68: 49–52, Amsterdam.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Howell, B. F. 1962. Worms. - [In:] Moore, R. C; Pitrat, C. W; Zeller, D. E. N. & McCormick, L. (eds.): Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Pt. W, Miscellanea; W144-W177, Geological Society of America, New York and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas.Google Scholar
  11. Jäger, M. 1993. Danian Serpulidae and Spirorbidae from NE Belgium and SE Netherlands: K/T boundary extinction, survival, and origination patterns. - Contributions in Tertiary and Quaternary Geology 29: 73–137, Leiden.Google Scholar
  12. Kabat, A. R. 1990. Predatory ecology of naticid gastropods with a review of shell boring prédation. - Malacologia 32: 155–193, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  13. Kase, T. 1986. Mode of life of the Silurian uncoiled gastropodSemitubina sakoi n. sp. from Japan. - Lethaia 19: 327–337, Oslo.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Keen, A.M. 1961. A proposed reclassification of the gastropod family Vermetidae. - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 7: 183–213, London.Google Scholar
  15. Knight, J.B.;Cox, L.R.;Keen, M. A.;Batten, R.L.;Yochelson, E.L. &Robertson, R. 1960. Systematic descriptions. - [In:] Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on invertebrate paleontolgy, Pt. I, Mollusca 1: 1169–1310, Geological Society of America, New York and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas.Google Scholar
  16. Lamarck, J.B.P.A. 1818. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. -5, Paris.Google Scholar
  17. Lamouroux, J.V.F. 1822. Exposition méthodique des genres de l’ordre des Polypiers. - viii + 115 pp., Paris.Google Scholar
  18. Linsley, R. M.;Yochelson, E. L. &Rohr, D. M. 1978. A reinterpretation of the mode of life of some Paleozoic frilled gastropods. - Lethaia 11: 105–112, Oslo.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lommerzheim, A. 1979. Monographische Bearbeitung der Serpulidae (Polychaeta sedentaria) aus dem Cenoman (Oberkreide) am Südwestrand des Münsterländer Beckens. - Decheniana 132: 110–195, Bonn.Google Scholar
  20. Macellari, C. E. 1984. Revision of serpulids of the genusRotularia (Annelida) at Seymour Island (Antarctic peninsula) and their value in stratigraphy. -Journal of Paleontology 58: 1098–1116, Tulsa, Okl.Google Scholar
  21. MöRCH, O. 1862. Review of the Vermetidae. Part II. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1861: 326–365, London.Google Scholar
  22. Oppenheim, P. 1901. Die Priabonaschichten und ihre Fauna im Zusammenhange mit gleichaltrigen und analogen Ablagerungen. Lieferung 4-6. - Palaeontographica 47: 137–348, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  23. Piccoli, G. &Mocellin, L. G. 1962. Studi sulla macrofauna priaboniana di Priabona. - Memorie degli Istituti di Geologia e Mineralogia dell’Univerità di Padova 23: 1–120, Padova.Google Scholar
  24. Regenhardt, V. H. 1961. Serpulidae (Polychaeta sedentaria) aus der Kreide Mitteleuropas, ihre ökologische, taxonomische und stratigraphische Bewertung. - Mitteilungen aus dem Geologischen Staatsinstitut in Hamburg 30: 5–115, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  25. Rovereto, G. 1899. Serpulidae del Terziario e del Quaternario. - Paleontographia Italica 4: 47–91, Pisa.Google Scholar
  26. —- 1904. Contributo allo studio dei vermeti fossili. - Bollettino délia Società Geologica Italians 23: 67- 83, Roma.Google Scholar
  27. Rutsch, R. 1939. Die GattungTubulostium im Eocaen der Antillen. - Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 32: 231–244, Basel.Google Scholar
  28. Savazzi, E. 1982. Adaptations to tube dwelling in the Bivalvia. - Lethaia 15: 275–297, Oslo.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. —- (1994). Adaptations to burrowing in a few Recent gastropods. - Historical Biology, London.Google Scholar
  30. - (in review). Adaptations of vermetid and siliquariid gastropods. - Palaeontology 7: 291–311, London.Google Scholar
  31. Savazzi, E. &Reyment, R. A. 1989. Subaerial hunting behaviour inNatica gualteriana (naticid gastropod). - Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 74: 355–364, Amsterdam.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schauroth, C. F. von 1865. Verzeichnis der Versteinerungen im Herzoglichen Naturaliencabinet zu Coburg. - XV + 327 pp., Dietz, Coburg.Google Scholar
  33. Schlotheim, E. F. von 1820. Die Petrefaktenkunde auf ihrem jetzigen Standpunkte. - lxii + 437 pp., Gotha.Google Scholar
  34. Schmidt, W.J. 1951. Die Unterscheidung der Röhren von Scaphopoda, Vermetidae und Serpulidae mittels microscopischer Methoden. - Mikroskopie 6: 373–381, Wien.Google Scholar
  35. —- 1955a. Die Tertiären Würmer Österreichs. - Denkschriften der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 109 (7): 121 pp., Wien.Google Scholar
  36. — 1955b. Nomenklatur und Systematik der Serpuliden-GattungRotularia Defrance(=Tubulostium Stoliczka). - Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 47: 159–182, Wien.Google Scholar
  37. Seilacher, A. 1984. Constructional morphology of bivalves: evolutionary pathways in primary versus secondary soft-bottom dwellers. - Palaeontology 15: 207–237, London.Google Scholar
  38. Seilacher, A. &Gunji, P.-Y. 1993. Morphogenetic countdowns in heteromorph shells. - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 190: 237–265, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  39. Simonelli, V. 1887. Sulla struttura microscopica dellaSerpula spirulea Lam. - Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali 5: 293–295, Firenze.Google Scholar
  40. Stevens, G. R. 1967. Upper Jurassic fossils from Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, and notes on Upper Jurassic biogeography of the South Pacific Region. - New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 10: 345–393, Wellington.Google Scholar
  41. Stoliczka, F. 1868. The Cretaceous fauna of southern India. Vol. II. The Gastropoda. - Palaeontologia Indica 2: xiii + 498 pp., Calcutta.Google Scholar
  42. Ware, S. 1975. British Lower Greensand Serpulidae. - Palaeontology 18: 93–116, London.Google Scholar
  43. Wenz, W. 1943. Gastropoda. Allgemeiner Teil und Prosobranchia. - [In:] Schindewolf, O. H. (ed.): Handbuch der Paläozoologie 6 (6): 1201–1506, Berlin.Google Scholar
  44. Whitfield, R. P. 1890. Observations on some Cretaceous fossils from the Beyrut District of Syria, in the collections of the American Museum of Natural History, with descriptions of some new species. - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 3: 381–441, New York.Google Scholar
  45. Wiesemann, G. 1966. Mäanderförmige Röhren vonGlomerula Nielsen 1931 (Polychaeta sedentaria) -Wuchsformen oder ökologische Konvergenzen? - Mitteilungen aus dem geologischen Staatsinstitut in Hamburg 35: 151–160, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  46. Wrigley, A. 1950. The differences between the calcareous tubes of vermetids and serpulids. -Journal de Conchyliologie 90: 118–121, Paris.Google Scholar
  47. — 1951. Some Eocene serpulids. - Proceedings of the Geologists Association of the United Kingdom 62: 177–197, London.Google Scholar
  48. Zittel, K. A. von 1880. Handbuch der Palaeontologie. 1: 1–765.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrico Savazzi Uppsala
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Historical Geology and PalaeontologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations