KSME International Journal

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 1033–1039 | Cite as

Residual stress and fracture analysis of thick plate for partial penetration multi-pass weldment



Partial penetration welding joint refers to the groove weld that applies to the one side welding which does not use steel backing and to both side welding without back gouging, that is, the partial penetration welding joint leaves an unwelded portion at the root of the welding area. In this study, we analyzed the residual stress and fracture on the thick metal plates that introduced the partial penetration welding method. According to the above-mentioned welding method, we could draw a conclusion that longitudinal stress and traverse stress occurred around the welding area are so minimal and do not affect any influence. We also performed the fracture behavior evaluation on the partial penetration multi pass welding with 25.4 mm thick plate by using the J-integral, which finally led us the conclusion that the partial penetration multi-pass welding method is more applicable and effective in handling the root face with less than 6.35 mm.

Key Words

Partial Penetration Welding Multi-Pass Weld Residual Stress ĵ-integral Fracture 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ABAQUS User’s Manual, 2000, HKS inc.Google Scholar
  2. ASTM E837-94, “Standard Test Method for Determining Residual Stresses by the Hole Drilling Strain Gage Method.”Google Scholar
  3. AWS Dl. 1 Structural Welding Code.Google Scholar
  4. Aoki, S., Kishimoto, K. and Sakata, M., 1982, “Elastic-Plastic Analysis of Crack in Thermally Loaded Structures,”Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 405–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fujita, Y. and Nomoto, T., 1972, “Studies on Thermal Elasto-Plastic Problems,”Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, Vol. 130.Google Scholar
  6. Kishimoto, K., Aoki, S. and Sakata, M., 1980, “On the Path Independent Integral,”Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 13, pp. 841–850.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Masubuchi, K., 1980, “Analysis of Welded Structures,” Pergamon Press, p. 148.Google Scholar
  8. Masubuchi, K., 1974, “Analysis of Thermal Stresses and Metal Movements of Weldments: A Basic Study toward Computer Aided Analysis and Control of Welded Structure,”SNAME Trans., Vol. 82, pp. 143–167.Google Scholar
  9. Rice, J. R., 1968, “A Path Independent Integral and the Approximate Analysis of Strain Concentration by Notches and Crack,”Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 35, pp. 379–386.Google Scholar
  10. Shim, Y. L. and Lee, S. G., 1993, “Modeling of Welding Heat Input for Residual Stress Analysis,” Journal of the Korean Welding Society, No. 3, p. 112.Google Scholar
  11. Shim, Y. L., 1997, “Residual Stress, Distortion, and Fracture Analysis of Welded Structures using Finite Element Method,”Journal of KWS, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 15–25.Google Scholar
  12. Tall, L., 1964, “Residual Stresses in Welded Plates-A Theoretical Study,”Welding Journal, Vol. 43.Google Scholar
  13. Ueda, Y. and Yamakawa, T., 1973, “Analysis of Thermal Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Metals during Welding by Finite Element Method,”Journal of the Japanese Welding Society, Vol. 42, No. 6.Google Scholar
  14. Wilson, W. K. and Yu, I. W., 1979, “The Use of the J-integral in Thermal Stress Crack Problems,”International Journal of Fracture, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 377–387.Google Scholar
  15. Yasuhisa, O., 1996, “Simulation of Welding Deformation by FEM,”TEAM ’96 PUSAN, pp. 593’605.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME) 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Defence Quality Assurance AgencySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Welding EngineeringThe Ohio State UniversityOhioUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringChangwon National UniversityKyungnamKorea

Personalised recommendations