Investigation of autoignition of propane andn-butane blends using a rapid compression machine
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The effects of pressure and temperature on the autoignition of propane andn-butane blends were investigated using a rapid compression machine (RCM), which is widely used to examine the autoignition characteristics. The RCM was designed to be capable of varying the compression ratio between 5 and 20 and minimize the vortex formation on the cylinder wall using a wedge-shaped crevice. The initial temperature and pressure of the compressed gas were varied in range of 720-900 K and 1.6-1.8 MPa, respectively, by adjusting the ratio of the specific heat of the mixture by altering the ratio of the non-reactive components (N2, Ar) under a constant effective equivalence ratio (øf=l.0). The gas temperature after the compression stroke could be obtained from the measured time-pressure record. The results showed a two-stage ignition delay and a Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) behavior which were the unique characteristic of the alkane series fuels. As the propane concentration in the blend were increased from 20% and 40% propane, the autoignition delay time increased by approximately 41% and 55% at 750 K. Numerical reduced kinetic modeling was performed using the Shell model, which introduced some important chemical ideas, represented by the generic species. Several rate coefficients were calibrated based on the experimental results to establish an autoignition model of the propane andn-butane blends. These coefficients can be used to predict the autoignition characteristics in LPG fueled SI engines.
Key WordsAutoignition Rapid Compression Machine (RCM) Two-Stage Ignition Delay Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) Shell Model SI Engine
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