Fatigue crack growth behavior in ultrafine grained low carbon steel
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Ultrafine grained (UFG) low carbon (0.15 wt.% C) steel produced by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was tested for investigating the effect of load ratio on the fatigue crack growth rate. Fatigue crack growth resistance and threshold of UFG steel were lower than that of as-received coarse grained steel. It was attributed to the less tortuous crack path. The UFG steel exhibited slightly higher crack growth rates and a lower ΔKth with an increase of R ratio. The R ratio effect on crack growth rates and ΔKth was basically indistinguishable at lower load ratio (R>0.3), compared to other alloys, which indicates that contribution of the crack closure vanishes. The crack growth rate curve for UFG steel exhibited a longer linear extension to the lower growth rate regime than that for the coarse grained as-received steel.
Key WordsUltrafine Grained Materials Fatigue Crack Growth Crack Closure Effective Stress Intensity Range
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