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Phytoparasitica

, 27:193 | Cite as

Influence of rate of soil fertilization on alternaria leaf blight (Alternaria dauci) in carrots

  • H. Vintal
  • E. Ben-Noon
  • E. Shlevin
  • U. Yermiyahu
  • D. Shtienberg
  • A. Dinoor
Research Paper

Abstract

The possibility of suppressingAlternaria dauci (Kühn) Groves & Skolko, the causal agent of Alternaria leaf blight in carrot, by excess application of fertilizer was examined in greenhouse and field experiments. Reducing the rate of fertilization by one half from the optimal rate (100 ppm N, 19 ppm P and 74 ppm K) resulted in a 23–30% increase in the severity of Alternaria leaf blight. However, doubling the rate of fertilization resulted in only a 10–15% decrease in disease severity. Inoculating with different concentrations ofA. dauci spores (103 or 104 spores/ml) did not alter the response of the plants to the fertilization rate, although significantly higher disease severity was observed in plants inoculated with the higher spore concentration. These results were corroborated in the field, where neither disease severity nor harvested yield was significantly affected by tripling the amount of soil fertilization. Application of foliar fungicides, on the other hand, had substantial effects on both disease and yield. Therefore, it was concluded that carrot crops should be fertilized and maintained for optimum yield, and thatA. dauci should be managed by properly timed applications of fungicides during the growing season.

Key Words

Alternaria leaf blight Alternariadauci fertilizer IPM 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of Plant PathologyARO, The Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Dept. of Plant Pathology and MicrobiologyThe Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of AgricultureRehovotIsrael
  3. 3.ARO, Gilat Experiment StationMobile Post Negev 2Israel

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