, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 252–264 | Cite as

Nitrogen effect on competition between winter cereals and littleseed canarygrass

  • K. Dhima
  • I. Eleftherohorinos
Weed Science


Field experiments were conducted in northern Greece during 1994, 1995, and 1996 to study the effect of nitrogen fertilization on competition between littleseed canaryglass (Phalaris minor Retz.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare =distichum L.) or triticale (Triticosecale). The presence of 400P. minor plants per square meter until early March did not have an adverse effect on dry weight of any crop. However, their further presence significantly reduced dry weight of wheat and triticale, but not that of barley. Grain yield of wheat and triticale was reduced 48% and 47%, respectively, by season-long competition ofP. minor, whereas the corresponding reduction for barley was only 8%. Crop yield reduction due toP. minor competition resulted mainly from reduction in ear number and less from reduction in 1000-grain weight. Nitrogen fertilization (150 kg N ha−1), compared with control (0 kg N), slightly increased yield of all crops grown without weed competition. The same treatment also increased dry weight and competitive ability ofP. minor against wheat and triticale, compared with that of control (0 kg N); the split application of nitrogen (50 kg N ha−1 before crop sowing and 100 kg N ha−1 in early March) caused a slightly greater increase inP. minor dry weight than did 150 kg N ha−1 applied once before crop sowing. Dry weight ofP. minor grown with barley was not affected by nitrogen fertilization, but it was severely reduced compared with that ofP. minor grown with wheat or triticale.

Key words

Competition N-fertilization Phalaris minor winter cereals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of AgronomyUniversity of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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