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Phytoparasitica

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 163–169 | Cite as

Rootstock resistance to Fusarium wilt and effect on watermelon fruit yield and quality

  • Halit Yetışır
  • Nebahat Sari
  • Seral Yücel
Research Paper

Abstract

The potential of grafted watermelon for resistance toFusarium oxysporum f.sp.niveum on some Curcurbitaceae,Lagenaria, Luffa, Benincasa and commercial rootstocks was evaluated. Effects of grafting on yield and quality of diseased plants were evaluated. All grafted plants and rootstocks were resistant to the three known races (0, 1, and 2) ofF. oxysporum f.sp.niveum except watermelon cv. ‘Crimson Tide’, which was susceptible to race 2. Fruit yield was positively (21–112%) affected byLagenaria rootstocks but negatively affected (200–267%) byCucurbita rootstocks when compared with the control. While only minor differences in fruit quality were determined in control and grafted plants onLagenaria rootstocks, the quality parameters for watermelon grafted ontoCucurbita rootstocks were lower than in the control. The reasons for low yield and quality might be due to an incompatibility betweenCucurbita rootstocks and watermelon. These results showed that rootstock influence on disease resistance as well as yield and quality of scion fruit is important in determining the potential use of grafting applications in watermelon.

Key words

Grafting Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.niveum watermelon disease resistance yield and quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of Mustafa KemalHatayTurkey
  2. 2.Dept. of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of ÇukurovaAdanaTurkey
  3. 3.Adana Plant Protection and Research InstituteAdanaTurkey

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