Role of LCA in the design of research and development (R&D) of novel processes subject to IPPC and BAT

  • John R. Barton
  • Andreas Schneider
  • Johannes Jager
LCA methodology


Establishing BAT (Best Available Techniques) for processes subject to IPPC is a new barrier and one that processes in the development stage need to be aware of. For multi-functional processes, the sectorial approach adopted under IPPC (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control) increases the potential problems. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an established tool to assist establishing BAT but is difficult to apply in its full form at the Research and Development (R&D) stage. A review of LCA in the context of a case study, the Trefoil kiln process, concludes that it has the flexibility to cope with multi-functionality and that use of key environmental issues and key indicators could overcome the informational gaps. Environmental burdens can be presented appropriately provided the research identifies appropriate allocation methods. The use of LCA thinking provided useful insight on the content of the research programme.


Allocation BAT Best Available Techniques (BAT) flexible system boundaries goal and scoping stage Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) IPPC key environmental indicators LCA Life Cycle Assessment multi-functionality novel processes producing synthetic aggregates sectorial BAT waste recycling 


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Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Barton
    • 1
  • Andreas Schneider
    • 1
  • Johannes Jager
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering, University of LeedsLeeds
  2. 2.Darmstadt University of Technology, Institut WARDarmstadtGermany

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