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Life Cycle assessment for the implementation of emission control measures for the freight traffic with heavy duty vehicles in germany

Phase 3: Life Cycle Interpretation
  • Luis Bárzaga-Castellanos
  • Ronald Neufert
  • Bernd Markert
LCA Case Studies

Abstract

This Life Cycle Interpretation Analysis describes the third phase of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for the implementation of emission control measures for the freight traffic with heavy duty vehicles (HDV) in Germany. It is based on the December 1999 edition of ISO/DIS 14043. Special emphasis was placed on the determination of the ecological effectiveness and the ecological category indicator effectiveness for each emission control scenario to compare the overall ecological-economical effect of the emission control measures investigated. Following these steps the main factors influencing the Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) results were identified. As a result of these analyses only a small number of influencing factors were detected having an influence on the LCIA result of more than 93%. Another result was the determination of the main influence factors from the different phases of the Product Life Cycle (PLC) of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system on the total weighting results of the bulk environmental load. The influence of the Life Cycle Inventory Analysis (LCI) results on the final Category Indicator Effectiveness result was analysed. The contribution of the different phases of the PLC of SCR systems on the total result of the LCI with regard to the bulk environmental load was determined. A completeness and sensitivity check was carried out. The results of the study enable plausible conclusions and recommendations, the absolutely essential one being the introduction of an consumption-optimized Diesel engine with SCR systems by the reference year 2005 for ecological and economical reasons.

Keywords

Diesel engines diesel fuel-based measures engine-based measures freight traffic heavy duty vehicles life cycle interpretation nitrogen oxides particulate trap SCR catalysts urea selective catalytic reduction process 

References

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    DIN (1997): Environmental management — Life cycle assessment —Principles and framework (EN ISO 14040). Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
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    Bárzaga Castellanos L, Neufert R, Markert B (2001): Life Cycle Assessment for the Implementation of Emission Control Measures for the Freight Traffic with Heavy Duty Vehicles in Germany, Phase 2: Life Cycle Impact Assessment. Int J LCA6 (5) 285–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Bárzaga Castellanos L, Neufert R, Markert B (2001): Life Cycle Assessment for the Implementation of Emission Control Measures for the Freight Traffic with Heavy Duty Vehicles in Germany, Phase 1: Life Cycle Inventory Analysis. Int J LCA6 (4) 231–242Google Scholar
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    DIN (1999): Environmental management — Life cycle assessment —Life cycle interpretation (ISO/DIS 14043), Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
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    Bárzaga Castellanos L, Neufert R, Kayser G, Markert B (1999): Life Cycle Assessment of the Selective Catalytic Reduction for Power Plants. Int J LCA4 (6) 329–339Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Graduate School Zittau, Environmental High TechnologyZittauGermany
  2. 2.Siemens AG, Power Generation, Redwitz Ceramics and Porcelain Business Unit Catalyst DivisionRedwitzGermany

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