Epigallocatechin gallate prevents autoimmune diabetes induced by multiple low doses of streptozotocin in mice
Cytokines produced by immune cells infiltrating pancreatic islets have been incriminated as important mediators of β-cell destruction in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In non insulin-dependent diabetes, cytokines are also associated with impaired β-cell function in high glucose condition. By the screening of various natural products blocking β-cell destruction, we have recently found that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) can prevent thein vitro destruction of RINm5F cell, an insulinoma cell line, that is induced by cytokines. In that study we suggested that EGCG could prevent cytokine-induced β-cell destruction by down-regulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) through inhibition of NF-κB activation. Here, to verify thein vivo antidiabetogenic effect of EGCG, we examined the possibility that EGCG could also prevent the experimental autoimmune diabetes induced by the treatment of multiple low doses of streptozotocin (MLD-STZ), which is recognized as an inducer of type I autoimmune diabetes. Administration of EGCG (100 mg/day/kg for 10 days) during the MLD-STZ induction of diabetes reduced the increase of blood glucose levels caused by MLD-STZ.Ex vivo analysis of β-islets showed that EGCG downregulates the MLD-STZ-induced expression of inducible NOS (iNOS). In addition, morphological examination showed that EGCG treatment ameliorated the decrease of islet mass induced by MLD-STZ. In combination these results suggest that EGCG could prevent the onset of MLD-STZ-induced diabetes by protecting pancreatic islets. Our results therefore revealed the possible therapeutic value of EGCG for the prevention of diabetes mellitus progression.
Key wordsEpigallocatechin gallate Autoimmune diabetes Inducible nitric oxide synthase Multiple low doses of streptozotocin
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