Degradation of acharan sulfate and heparin byBacteroides stercoris HJ-15, a human intestinal bacterium
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When glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-degrading enzymes were measured in normal human stool suspensions, all 5 tested different stools degraded titrable heparin and acharan sulfate. GAG-degrading bacteria were screened from the isolates of human stools. Among them, HJ-15 had the most potent activities of heparinases (GAGs-degrading enzymes). However, HJ-15 produced the enzyme even if in the media without heparin. Acharan sulfate lyase was induced by acharan sulfate and heparin. Heparinase production was also induced by these GAGs. These enzymes, acharan sulfate lyase and heparinase, were produced in exponential and stationary phase of HJ-15 growth, respectively. Optimal pHs of the acharan sulfate lyase and heparinase activities were 7.2 and 7.5, respectively. The biochemical properties of HJ-15 was similar to those ofB. stercoris. However, difference fromB. stercoris was utilization of raffinose. This HJ-15 also degraded chondroitin sulfates A and C.
Key wordsAcharan sulfate Heparin Intestinal microflora Acharan sulfate lyase Bacteroides stercoris HJ-15
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