KSME Journal

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 258–271 | Cite as

An experimental study on the flow and heat transfer characteristics of an impinging jet

  • Kui-Soon Kim


The flow and heat transfer characteristics of an impinging jet is investigated in two major stages. The first stage is about the investigation of the three dimensional mean flow and the turbulent flow quantities in free jet, stagnation and wall jet region. After a complete documentation of the flow field, the convective heat transfer coefficient distributions on the impingement plate are presented, during the second stage of the study. Heat transfer experiments using the new hue-capturing technique result in high resolution wall heating rate distributions. The technique is fully automated using a true color image processing system. The present heat transfer results are discussed in detail in terms of the flow characteristics. The measurements from the new method are compared with conventional heat flux sensors located on the same model. These heat transfer distributions are also compared with other studies available from the literature. The new non-intrusive heat transfer method is highly effective in obtaining high resolution heat transfer maps with good accuracy.

Key Words

Impinging Jet Convection Liquid Crystal Image Processing 



Specific heat


Jet nozzle diameter


Distance between the nozzle exit and the impingement plate


Convective heat transfer coefficient,h=q″/(T w T rec )


Convective heat transfer coefficient,h′=q″/(T w T jmax)


Thermal conductivity


Jet nozzle length


Normal distance from the wall surface


National Television System Committee


Nusselt number,Nu=hD/k


Nusselt number,Nu′=h′D/k


Heat flux,q″=−k f T/∂n


Radial coordinate


Reynolds number,ReU jmax D


Chiral nematic liquid crystal starting to respond at about 35°C with an approximate bandwidth of 1°C


Static temperature




Mean velocity


RMS value of the fluctuating velocity


Axial coordinate


Thermal diffusivity of air, α=k/(ρc p )


Nondimensional time,\(\beta = h\sqrt t /\sqrt {\rho ck} \)




Normalized temperature, θ=(TT i )/(T recT i )


Normalized temperature, θ′=(TT i )/(T jmaxT i )







Bulk mean


Initial condition


Jet exit condition


Maximum value


At constant pressure


Recovery condition


Reference value


Wall condition

Free stream value


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME) 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kui-Soon Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aerospace Engineering, Research Institute of Mechanical TechnologyPusan National UniversityPusanKorea

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