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Acta Endoscopica

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 9–16 | Cite as

La pathologie anale et péri-anale en zone tropicale

  • H. Darie
  • F. Klotz
Article

Résumé

Zone jonctionnelle cutanéo-muqueuse, l’anus peut être le siège de pathologies variées, particulièrement en zone tropicale, où les affections spécifiques ou non ont un pouvoir pathogène parfois exacerbé. La pathologie parasitaire, amibienne, bilharzienne, strongyloïdienne ou filarienne pourra s’y exprimer.

Les bactéries et les mycoses (tuberculose, mycétomes) pourront s’y localiser, de même que les maladies sexuellement transmissibles telles que le chancre mou, la donovanose, la maladie de Nicolas Favre. Le sida pourra favoriser des pathologies ulcéreuses liées au cytomegalovirus ou à l’herpès virus. Les lésions prolifératives virales ou malignes pourront s’y retrouver.

C’est ce panorama de la pathologie anale et périanale en zone tropicale qui est évoqué dans ce travail.

Mots-clés

anus marge anale pathologie parasitaire zone tropicale 

Anal and peri-anal pathology in tropical areas

Summary

Because of its being a cutaneo mucous area, the anus can be the seat of various affections, mostly in tropical areas where specific or non specific affections may have an exacerbated pathogenic action at times.

It can also be the seat of parasitic pathology: amoebiasis, schistosomiasis, strongyloidiasis or filariasis. Bacteria and mycosis (tuberculosis, mycetoms) may be found there, as well as sexually transmitted diseases such as: soft chancre, donovanosis, Nicholas Favre’s disease.

AIDS may contribute to the development of ulcerous pathology, related to the cytomegalovirus or to (general) herpes virus. The viral or malignant proliferatic lesions may also be found there. It is the panorama of anal and perianal pathology in tropical areas that is considered in the present abstract.

Key-words

anal margin anus parasitic pathology tropical zone 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Darie
    • 1
  • F. Klotz
    • 2
  1. 1.Spécialiste des hôpitaux service de dermatologieHôpital d’instruction des armées Bégin Saint-MandéFrance
  2. 2.hôpital principalDakarSénégal

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