Contemporary Jewry

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 17–27 | Cite as

Recent Soviet immigration to the United States

  • Barry Levenfeld


Firm conclusions about the nature of Soviet-Jewish immigration are still premature, for we are yet in the midst of this complex phenomenon This study attempted to apply some of the social scientist’s tools to an historical process heretofore reserved for journalistic and governmental comment Clearly, we need further research based on a larger sample, conducted by professionals and specifically geared to helping both immigrants and agencies charged with their care In particular, further study is needed to examine the relationship between successful adjustment and the efficacy of Jewish social service organizations New York, the home of the majority of the immigrants, is a logical place for such a study It is hoped that the present effort will lay the groundwork and stimulate further exploration


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  1. 1.
    Dov and Miki Euzur,To Stay or To Leave Characteristics of Potential Emigrants from Soviet Immigrants, (Jerusalem Israel Institute of Applied Social Research, 1975), (Hebrew), it is sometimes referred to simply as “the Israeli study”Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Everett S Lee, “A Theory of Migration” in Jackson, edMigration (Cambridge, Great Britain University Press, 1969), p 293Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    New York Times, 29 April 1973Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Julius Margolin, “Russian-Jewish Immigration into Israel,” inRussian Jewry, p 547Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Apparently some of these persons are Sovietagents provocateurs SeeJewish Observer, August 1973Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    New York Times, 21 May 1975Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Figures are taken from a table appearing in S N Eisenstadt,The Absorption of Immigrants (London Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd, 1954), p 28Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Margolin, “Russian Jewish Immigration,” p 546Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Clifford Jansen, “Some Sociological Aspects of Migration,” inMigration, p 61 The idea was first presented in S A Stouffer, “Intervening Opportunities A Theory Relating Mobility and Distance,”American Sociological Review, 5 (December 1940)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    HIAS (Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society) and the Joint (Joint Distribution Committee) provide financial, legal, and logistic aid to Jews who choose not to go to Israel Persons desiring not to go to Israel indicate their preference in Vienna, at which time most of them spend several months in a transfer facility in Rome awaiting further emigration to their final destinationGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Figures computed fromTime Magazine, 12 January 1976,Facts About Israel (Jerusalem Ministry of Information, 1975), and Table 4, chapter 3.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    See Charles Price, “The Study of Assimilation,” in Jackson, ed,Migration Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G Beyer, “Modern Patterns of International Migratory Movements,”Migration, p 15Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Anthony H. Richmond, “Sociology of Migration in Industrial and Post-Industnal Societies,”Migration, p 269Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Private interview, Eva Maiden, Vienna, September, 1975Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Negotiations between the Jewish Agency and both HIAS and the Joint are in progress as this paper is being written The outcome of deliberations of the “Committee of Eight” is still uncertainJerusalem Post, 19 October 76Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    See, for example,New York Times, 17 March, 1974,Jerusalem Post, 7 April, 1975,Novoye Russkoye Slovo, 21 November, 1975Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Private interview, Modek Einziger, Vienna, September 1975Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hedrick Smith, “In Moscow the Bigger the News the Smaller the Story,”New York Times Magazine (23 November 1975), Alex Inkeles,Social Change in Soviet Russia (Cambridge Harvard University, 1968), chapters 16 and 18Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Eliahu Saltpeter, “Immigrants Coming in from the Cold How Russian Emigres Fare in Israel,”National Jewish Monthly, May, 1971Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Levenfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard UniversityUK

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