Psychophysiological components of imagery

  • Vija B. Lusebrink
  • F. J. McGuigan


McGuigan’s neuromuscular model of information processing (1978a, 1978b, and 1989) was investigated by electrically recording eye movements (electro-oculograms), covert lip and preferred arm responses (electromyograms), and electroencephalograms. This model predicts that codes are generated as the lips are uniquely activated when processing words beginning with bilabial sounds like “p” or “b,” as is the right arm to words like “pencil” that refer to its use. Twelve adult female participants selected for their high imagery ratings were asked to form images to three orally presented linguistic stimuli: the letter “p,” the words “pencil” and “pasture,” and to a control stimulus, the words “go blank.” The following findings were significant beyond the 0.05 level: an increased covert lip response only to the letter “p,” increased vertical eye activity to “p” and to the word “pencil,” right arm response only to the word “pencil,” and a decreased percentage of alpha waves from the right 02 lead only to the word “pasture.” Since these covert responses uniquely occurred during specific imagery processes, it is inferred that they are components of neuromuscular circuits that function in accord with the model of information processing tested.


Visual Imagery Alpha Activity Alpha Wave Phonetic Code Covert Response 
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Copyright information

© Springer 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vija B. Lusebrink
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. J. McGuigan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of LouisvilleLousiville
  2. 2.United States International UniversitySan Diego

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