Contemporary Jewry

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 29–50 | Cite as

Multiple outsiderness: Religious, ethnic, and racial diversity in America

  • Hasia Diner


Jewish Community Jewish Woman Contemporary JEWRY Intergroup Relation Jewish Organization 


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  1. 1.
    Stuart Svonkin,Jews Against Prejudice: American Jews and the Fight for Civil Liberties (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hasia R. Diner,Fifty Years of Jewish Self-Governance: The Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington, 1938–1988 (Washington, D.C.: The Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington, 1989), pp. 50–75.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    The role of American Jewish organizations in immigration reform has not been the focus of any scholarly study, but even a casual perusal of the annual volumes of theAmerican Jewish Yearbook, published by the American Jewish Committee, demonstrates the vast amount of Jewish activity on this and other liberal issues. This annual reference work may be the single best source of information for all aspects of the topic of Jewish intergroup relations, starting with its first edition in 1898.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See, Naomi W. Cohen,Jews in Christian America: The Pursuit of Religious Equality. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The most thorough historical critiques of this kind of American Jewish politics and intergroup relations can be found in Eli Lederhendler,New York Jews and the Decline of Urban Ethnicity, 1950–1970 (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002) and Michael Staub,Torn At the Roots: The Crisis of Jewish Liberalism in Postwar America (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002). Additionally, the years from the end of World War II until the end of the 20th century have been studied in the context of Jewish liberalism and its implications for intergroup relations by Marc Dollinger,The Quest for Inclusion: Jews and Liberalism in Modern America (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
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    Morton Borden,Jews, Turks and Infidels (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1984).Google Scholar
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    Matthew Frye Jacobson,Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1988); Matthew Frye Jacobson,Barbarian Virtues: The United States Encounters Foreign Peoples at Home and Abroad, 1896–1917, (New York: Hill and Wang, 2000); on the Irish case and the centrality of American anti-Catholicism, see, Dale T. Knobel,Paddy and the Republic: Ethnicity and Nationality in Antebellum America (Middletown, CT.: Wesleyan University Press, 1986).Google Scholar
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    On this enormous subject, see, Ronald Takaki,A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1993).Google Scholar
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    See, Hasia R. Diner,A Time for Gathering: The Second Migration, 1820–1880, Volume 2, “The Jewish People in America” (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    See Bertram W. Korn,Jews and Negro Slavery in the Old South, 1789–1865 (Elkins Park, PA.: Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel, 1961).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hasia R. Diner,In the Almost Promised Land: American Jews and Blacks, 1915–1935 (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gerald Sorin,Prophetic Minority: Immigrant Jewish Radicals, 1880–1920, (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1985).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Naomi W. Cohen,Not Free to Desist: A History of the American Jewish Committee, 1906–1966, (Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1972).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Leonard Dinnerstein,Uneasy at Home: Antisemitism and the American Jewish Experience, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gulie Ne’eman Arad,America, 1st Jews, and the Rise of Nazism, (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Eli Faber,A Time for Planting: The First Migration, 1654–1820, Vol. 1, “The Jewish People in America” (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Diane Ravitch,The Great School Wars, New York City, 1805–1973: A History of the Public Schools as a Battleground of Social Change, (New York: Basic, 1974).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    David I. Kertzer,The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara, (New York: Knopf, 1997); see also, Jonathan Frankel,The Damascus Affair: “Ritual Murder,” Politics and the Jews in 1840, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Quoted in, Louis Barish, “The American Jewish Chaplaincy,”American Jewish Historical Quarterly 52, 1 (September, 1962,), pp. 9–11.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hasia Diner,In the Almost, p.202.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hasia Diner,In the Almost, op.cit.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Marc Dollinger,Quest for Inclusion, op. cit. provides the most thoroughly researched and analytic analysis of this period and the various dilemmas faced by American Jews in the labyrinth of mid- to late-20th century American politics.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hasia Diner
    • 1
  1. 1.New York UniversityUSA

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