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Der deutsche SF-36 Health Survey Übersetzung und psychometrische Testung eines krankheitsübergreifenden Instruments zur Erfassung der gesundheitsbezogenen Lebensqualität

  • Monika Bullinger
  • Inge Kirchberger
  • John Ware
Article

Zusammenfassung

Der Short-Form-36 Health Survey (d.h. die Kurzform SF-36) ist ein aus der Medical Outcome Study entwickeltes Standardinstrument zur krankheitsübergreifenden Erfassung der gesundheitsbezogenen Lebensqualität, dessen Internationale Verfugbarkeit zunehmend nachgefragt wird. Im International Quality of Life Assessment Project (IQOLA), einer Arbeitsgruppe, zusammengesetzt aus Forschern verschiedener Länder, wird derzeit die Übersetzung, psychometrische Testung und Normierung der SF-36 in 13 Ländern, einschlieβlich Deutschland, durchgeführt. Der Beitrag berichtetüber Methodik und Ergebnisse der deutschen Übersetzung und psychometrischen Prüfung des SF-36 an sechs Gruppen von über 1500 gesunden und erkrankten Personen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, daβ mit Hilfe des IQOLA-Studienprotokolls für die Übersetzung eine befriedigende deutsche Form des SF-36 erstellt wurde und daβ die psychometrischen Testergebnisse über alle Gruppen hinweg gute bis hervorragende Ergebnisse hinsichtlich Skalenstruktur und Reliabilität erbringen. Damit erscheint die SF-36, deren Normierung für 1995 geplant ist, als ein im deutschen Sprachraum einsetzbares Instrument zur Erfassung der gesundheitsbezogenen Lebensqualität.

Schlüsselwörter

Lebensqualität Messung “Short-Form-36” deutsch gesunde und kranke Personen 

The German SF-36 health survey translation and psychometric testing of a generic instrument for the assessment of health-related quality of life

Abstract

The SF-36 Health Survey is a generic instrument for the assessment of health-related quality of life developed as a short form of the instruments used in the Medical Outcome Study. Translation, psychometric testing and norming is currently ongoing in 15 countries including Germany, which are associated within the International Quality of Life Assessment Project (IQOLA). We report methods and results of the German translation and psychometric testing of the SF-36 with six samples of over 1500 healthy and ill persons. Results show that the use of the IQOLA study protocol led to a satisfactory German version of the SF-36 Health Survey and that psychometric testing yielded good to excellent results as concerns scale structure and reliability. The SF-36 Health Survey, which will be included in a norming study in 1995 thus appears as an instrument for health-related quality of life assessment applicable also in German studies.

Keywords

quality of life Short-Form-36 assessment German healthy and ill persons 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Bullinger
  • Inge Kirchberger
  • John Ware

There are no affiliations available

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