Sugar Tech

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 61–66 | Cite as

Application of distillery spent wash and its effect on sucrose content in sugarcane

  • Shalini Singh
  • Munna Singh
  • G. P. Rao
  • S. Solomon
Research Article


Effect of distillery spent wash (DSW) was studied on plant and ratoon crop of on three sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) genotypesviz, CoS 95255 (early maturing and high sugar), CoS 767 (mid-late and medium sugar) and BO91 (late maturing and medium sugar). The DSW was applied through irrigation water during early growth stage (60 and 90 DAP) at three different concentrations,viz. 25,50 and 100 %. In control plants, normal irrigation was given. The effect of different concentrations of DSW was observed on the Brix and sucrose profile in cane juice during the whole crop cycle (from 180 to 330 days after treatment). The suitability of different genotypes for different concentrations of DSW was also observed. The study revealed that all cane varieties showed improvement in total soluble solids (TSS %) by addition of 25% DSW, but showed negative response at higher doses. Early maturing variety (CoS 95255) showed greater accumulation during winter months as compared to late maturing variety (BO 91). Application of vinasse @ 25% concentration showed marked improvement in sucrose accumulation in all the three varieties and this trend was recorded till harvest. The ratoon crop showed almost similar trend, indicating that vinasse application elicited same physiological response in plant as well as ratoon crops of sugarcane. Variety CoS 95255 was found to be best suited for the application of DSW @ 25% concentration.

Key Words

Brix distillery spent wash juice quality sucrose sugarcane 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baskar. M, Sheik, Dawood, M., Balamurugan, V., Anthoni, Rai S., Kunduswamy, K. G. and Ravindram, K. (2004). Potential use of molasses and distillery industry waste water in agriculture through environmentally safe technologies. “Sustainable Sugarcane and Sugar production TechnologyProc. Intern. Symp. Nanning, Guangxi, China (Nov.29–Dec.02, 2004) pp 718–724.Google Scholar
  2. Comezy, J. andRodriguez, O. (2000). Effect of vinasse on sugarcane (Saccharum qfficinarum) productivity.Rev. Fac. Agron,17:318–326.Google Scholar
  3. Gonzalo, P. D. D. (2006). Effect of high levels of vinasse application on soil fertility and potash leaching. 18 World Cong, of Soil Sci., July 9–15, 2006. Philadelphia, Pensylvania, U SA, 166–167.Google Scholar
  4. Jadhav, M. B, Bhalerao, V. P. and Bhoi, P. G. (2005). Effect of spent wash on growth, yield and quality of SURV sugarcane and soil properties.Bhartiya Sugar/March–April, 32–33.Google Scholar
  5. Korn Dofer, G.M. and Anderson, D.L. (1993). Use and impact of sugar alcohol residue vinasse and filter on sugarcane production in Brazil Proc. Iner. American Sem 12, Miami, USA, 15–17 September, 1993, pp. 164–170.Google Scholar
  6. Mahimairaja, Santiago, and Nanthi S. Bolon (2004). Problem and Prospects of agricultural use of distillery spentwash in India, www regional. Org Au/av/assi/Super Soil.Google Scholar
  7. Malik, C.P. andSingh, M.B. (1980). Plant Enzymology and Histo-enzymology. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana (India) pp. 1–421.Google Scholar
  8. Nagaraj, M and Arvind Kumar (2006). Distillery waste water treatment and disposal. htt://www. environmental-expert. com/resulteacharticle. asp.Google Scholar
  9. Rajukannu, K. andManikam, T. S. (1997). Use of distillery and sugar industry waste in agriculture. In “Preceding of the sixth National Symposium on Environment; Tamil Nadu Agriculture University; Coimbatore. India pp- 286–290.Google Scholar
  10. Ramasamy, C., Chanderasekaran, B. andDurai, R. (2005). Sugar Industry Agamut scope of its by products. A crop nutrient and energy management.Cooperative Sug,37(8): 111–113.Google Scholar
  11. Singh, Shalini (2007). Effect of distillery spent wash on growth, biomass and sucrose productivity in sugarcane. Ph.D. Thesis, Lucknow University, Lucknow.Google Scholar
  12. Solomon, S., Shrivastava, A.K., Srivastava, B.L. and Madan, V.K. (1997). Pre-milling sugar losses and their management in sugarcane. Technical Bulletin No. 37, IISR, Lucknow., pp. 1–206.Google Scholar
  13. Srivastava, S., Bose, P. andTare, V. (2006). Enhancement of chemical-oxygen demand and colour removal of distillery spent wash by ozonation.Water Environ-Res.,78: 409–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shalini Singh
    • 1
  • Munna Singh
    • 1
  • G. P. Rao
    • 2
  • S. Solomon
    • 3
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentUniversity of LucknowLucknow 226 007, U.P.India
  2. 2.Sugarcane Research Station, KunarghatGorakhpur 273 008, U.P.India
  3. 3.Indian Institute of Sugarcane ResearchLucknow 226 002, U.P.India

Personalised recommendations