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Mycotoxin Research

, Volume 18, Supplement 1, pp 94–98 | Cite as

The effect of fusarium toxin contaminated maize on performance and health of female weaning piglets

  • Susanne Döll
  • S. Dänicke
  • Ute Schnurrbusch
  • G. Flachowsky
Article

Abstract

The influence of increasing amounts of zearalenone and de-oxynivalenol in diets for prepubertal pigs was investigated on 100 female piglets fed diets with increasing concentrations of ZON and DON (0.01mg ZON and 0.2mg DON/kg to 0.42mg ZON and 3.9mg DON/kg). Concentrations of 0.06mg ZON and 0.8mg DON per kg diet caused a significant decrease of serum concentrations of GLDH and FSH as well as vulva swelling. The uterus weight of the piglets receiving 0.42mg ZON and 3.9mg DON/kg was increased by almost 100% compared to the control. Furthermore, this group showed significantly decreased performance, serum protein concentration and zervix swelling. Further studies are needed to scrutinize the adverse effects of ZON and DON in diets for prepubertal female piglets, especially on future reproduction performance.

Keywords

Deoxynivalenol zearalenone piglets performance reproductive tract 

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References

  1. 1.
    BML The German Federal Ministry of Nutrition, Agriculture and Forestry (2000) Orientation values for critical concentrations of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in diets for pigs, ruminants and gallinaceous poultry. VDM 27/00: 2–3.Google Scholar
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    Dänicke S, Valenta H, Ueberschär K-H (2000) Risikoabschätzung und Vermeidungsstrategien bei der Fütterung. Landbauforschung Völkenrode, SH 216: 35–138Google Scholar
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    Coenen M, Boyens B (2001) Capacity of zeolithe to depress the oestrogenic effects of zearalenone. Proc. Soc. Nutr. Physiol. 10: 177.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Mycotoxin Research and Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Döll
    • 1
  • S. Dänicke
    • 1
  • Ute Schnurrbusch
    • 2
  • G. Flachowsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut of Animal NutritionFederal Agricultural Research Centre (FAL)BraunschweigGermany
  2. 2.Large Animal Clinic for Theriogenology and Ambulatory ServicesFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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